Moldova and Millennium Development Goals

Moldova has adopted the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) at the country level and has remained committed to achieving these goals through various means, including an increased level of prioritization and an intensification of collaboration with all relevant partners, including civil society. Moldova progressed on MDGs, with 21 out of 27 targets on track to be met. However, progress was not uniform during the last decade. MDGs on education, HIV/AIDS and TB, and environment, including water and sanitation, most likely will not be reached. Other MDGs are likely to be reached but with worsening inequalityindicators that will affect the rights of very poor and excluded children and women, including in particular Roma. Inequality in access to social benefits, health and other public services is expected to deepen. Although good progress has been made in the health sector regarding child and maternal mortality, more efforts are still needed for HIV/AIDS and contagious diseases as well as regarding access to safe water. In education, important improvements have been achieved in early childhood development and pre-school enrolment, but more efforts are required, especially in other levels of pre-university education.

In spite of the steps towards MDG achievement Moldova remains one of the least developed countries in the European and Commonwealth of Independent States region. The Republic of Moldova's 2010 Human Development Index (HDI) stood at 0.623, below achieved levels of the neighbouring countries Ukraine and Romania. Differences in human development achievements between these countries are mainly driven by lower production levels in Moldova (GDP per capita) but also by lower achievements in education and to a lesser degree regarding life expectancy. Throughout the last two decades, the Moldovan HDI dropped from 0.616 in 1990 to 0.552 in 2000 and recovered to 0.623 in 2010. This trend is symptomatic for many development processes in the country regarding a generally worsening situation in the first decade of independence and a recovery in the second decade. However, achieved improvements have still not lifted the welfare levels beyond initial levels in 1990. 2010 MDG reporting revealed serious gaps in data needed to track inequalities within each individual MDG.
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