(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 5 May 2010 at the 1084th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies of the European Council)
The Committee of Ministers, under the terms of Articles 24 to 26 of the Framework Convention for the
Protection of National Minorities (hereinafter referred to as “the Framework Convention”);
Having regard to Resolution (97) 10 of 17 September 1997 setting out rules adopted by the Committee of
Ministers on the monitoring arrangements under Articles 24 to 26 of the Framework Convention;
Having regard to the voting rule adopted in the context of adopting Resolution (97) 10;1
Having regard to the instrument of ratification submitted by Moldova on 20 November 1996;
Recalling that the Government of Moldova transmitted its state report in respect of the third monitoring cycle under the Framework Convention on 24 February 2009;
Having examined the Advisory Committee’s third opinion on Moldova, adopted on 26 June 2009, as well as the written comments of the Government of Moldova, received on 11 December 2009;
Having also taken note of comments by other governments,
1. Adopts the following conclusions in respect of Moldova:
a) Positive developments
Moldova has pursued a proactive approach towards the monitoring process and has taken useful steps to disseminate the results of the two first cycles of monitoring, notably by translating them into various national minority languages. The authorities have also maintained an inclusive approach in practice in the communication with representatives of the national minorities.
In the field of protection against discrimination, some positive steps have been taken in order to improve the legislative framework to combat discrimination. It is expected notably that a comprehensive anti-discrimination law will be adopted as a matter of priority. Additionally, the important work of the
Parliamentary Advocates in the field of prevention and monitoring of discrimination has been pursued.
The authorities have continued to provide support to activities to preserve and develop the cultural heritage of national minorities. Public TV and radio have continued to broadcast programmes in minority languages, even though the amount and quality are reportedly insufficient and broadcasting times, as far as television is concerned, are not adequate.
Muslim believers have been allocated a specific spot for burials in Chisinau’s cemetery.
Possibilities to be taught minority languages have expanded. Particular efforts have been made to develop the supply of textbooks for minority language teaching. Efforts have also been made to expand the model of “experimental schools” providing education in minority languages. New classes aiming at fostering tolerance and mutual respect in society have been introduced in the school curriculum. Some municipalities have developed measures to increase the enrolment rates of Roma children in schools and improve their participation in education in general.
The authorities have developed a range of agreements aiming at developing cross border co-operation in the field of minority protection, including at regional level.
b) Issues of concern
The results of the population census of 2004 are not entirely reliable as far as ethnic origin and language are concerned. Moreover, information on the socio-economic and educational situation of persons belonging to national minorities remains limited. The systematic collection of data on discrimination-related cases is also lacking.
Although Moldovan society continues to be characterised by peaceful relations between persons belonging to different groups, it is worrying that linguistic divisions are sometimes used to stir up cleavages in society confronted with intolerance, at times fuelled by the media, and instances of racially-motivated insults and acts. Police harassment and brutality against persons belonging to these groups are also often reported.
Support allocated to the Bureau for Interethnic Relations, and other institutions dealing with minority issues, has decreased in recent years. As far as the system of allocation of support for the preservation and development of the cultural heritage of national minorities is concerned, the representatives of the latter regret that it lacks transparency and participation of minority organisations and representatives. Numerically smaller minorities would like to receive greater support to preserve their culture and languages.
Muslim organisations have not succeeded in having Islam recognised as a religion in Moldova, including following the entry into force of the new Law on religious denominations in 2008. This prevents them from effectively exercising their right to manifest their religion and establish religious institutions, organizations and associations.
The provision of adequate teaching of the state language to persons belonging to national minorities continues to be insufficient, despite the various programmes implemented by different actors in recent years.
This can result in reduced opportunities to effectively participate in public affairs and in socio-economic life. Besides, further developments of the system of teaching of and in minority languages are hampered by a general lack of means, notably of textbooks and adequate teacher training.
Despite the adoption of successive specific action plans to improve the situation of the Roma and some action taken locally, many of the Roma continue to live in isolated settlements in substandard housing and extreme poverty conditions, and have low rates of participation in the education system. Their participation in public affairs also remains limited. Moreover, they often face discrimination, and sometimes hostile societal attitudes. Implementation of the 2007-2010 Action Plan could have benefitted from the allocation of greater resources.
The participation of persons belonging to national minorities in the state administration is more limited than in elected bodies. The employment of Roma and of persons belonging to numerically smaller minorities in state administration and civil service is particularly low.
Minority representatives regret that the decision-making authorities do not make full use of the potential of the Co-ordinating Council of Ethno-cultural Organisations as an advisory body on minority-related issues.
The functioning of the autonomy regime in Gagauzia is marred by a number of inconsistencies with regard to the division of competences between the central government and the authorities of Gagauzia.
2. Adopts the following recommendations in respect of Moldova:
In addition to the measures to be taken to implement the detailed recommendations contained in sections I and II of the Advisory Committee's Opinion, the authorities are invited to take the following measures to improve further the implementation of the Framework Convention:
Issues for immediate action2
- Adopt as a matter of priority comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation; carry out, on a regular basis, monitoring of discrimination, as well as of racially-motivated or anti-Semitic acts.
- Take more resolute measures to combat all forms of intolerance, including in the media and in political life, and promote mutual respect and understanding. Effectively investigate and sanction all forms of
misbehaviour by the police.
- Take more resolute measures to ensure that the implementation of the action plan for Roma results in substantial and lasting improvement in the situation of the Roma in all areas, including by allocating adequate resources to its implementation; take steps to promote a better representation of the Roma at all levels.
- Ensure that the next population census is carried out fully in accordance with international recommendations as far as the collection of data on ethnic origin and language are concerned.
- Provide adequate support to the Bureau for Interethnic Relations so that it can effectively play its role as main actor of the government’s policy in the field of national minorities and interethnic relations.
- Ensure that the allocation of support for the activities of national minority organisations is made in a transparent and participative manner; pay due attention to the needs of all the national minorities in the field of preservation and development of their culture and language.
- Ensure that Muslim believers, and persons belonging to other religions, can effectively enjoy the right to manifest their religion or belief and establish religious institutions, organisations and associations.
- Pursue the efforts to develop a system of multilingual education, including education in minority languages. Make every effort to improve substantially the availability and quality of teaching of the state language.
- Take further, more resolute measures to increase the participation of persons belonging to national minorities, including of numerically smaller minorities, in the state administration and in public services.
- Ensure that the Co-ordinating Council of Ethno-cultural Organisations can effectively play its role as a consultation mechanism and enable persons belonging to national minorities effectively to take part in decision making.
- Pursue the dialogue with a view to providing a clearer determination of the competences of the
Gagauz authorities and allowing for a more effective functioning of the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia.
3. Invites the Government of Moldova, in accordance with Resolution (97) 10:
a. to continue the dialogue in progress with the Advisory Committee;
b. to keep the Advisory Committee regularly informed of the measures it has taken in response to the conclusions and recommendations set out in sections 1 and 2 above.
Abortion in the Republic of Moldova (as part of the USSR) was legalized in 1955. From the 1960s to the 1990s abortion had the status of an essential method of birth control. The share of interrupted pregnancies among women aged 15-19 years (based on official statistics) has been more or less constant over the last 10 years, representing 10 percent of the total number of abortions among women of reproductive age (data from the Ministry of Health and the National Health Management Center). This phenomenon was tolerated because of a lack of access to modern methods of contraception and a low level of family planning knowledge among the population. Official statistics do not offer any data regarding the number of cases of complications resulting from unsafe abortions and the number of hospitalizations caused by unsafe abortions (per 1,000 women) and, in fact even today categories of safe and unsafe abortions are not employed. Even the existing legislative and normative acts do not include the categories of safe and unsafe abortion (with the exception of the National Strategy for Reproductive Health).
The phenomenon of unregistered abortions persists in the country. it is thought that the reason for not registering abortions is that these represent a source of income for the providers of pregnancy interruption services (Strategic Evaluation of Aspects of Policy, Quality and Access to Contraception and Abortion Services in the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, 2006). Another reason is the low level of confidentiality of medical services in Moldova that is extended also to the abortion procedure. in order to avoid potential disclosure women are tended to offer informal payments in order not to have the procedure registered even if it is being done in the hospital according to all the respective medical protocols. Even though the legislation on abortions in the Republic of Moldova is one of the most liberal in the world, for reason of social, economic and educational nature the phenomenon of illegal abortions persists. The proportion of illegal abortions represents 0.1 percent of the total number (data from the Ministry of Health, the National Health Management Center). it is also worth mentioning that no studies have been conducted regarding reproductive health service providers' degree of knowledge and correct understanding of the legal status of abortion.
Teenage women under 18 years cannot receive abortion services confidentially. Currently, the consent of parents or of a close relative is still a mandatory part of the process. This situation sometimes forces them to make unofficial payments, at times fairly substantial ones. On other occasions these women seek illegal abortions. Pregnancy in the case of teenage women represents a serious public health problem and it often occurs because of teenagers' lack of information about the methods of contraception and the availability of contraception free of charge or for a reduced price. Pregnancy in the case of teenage women in most cases is ended by abortion which is often not carried out in safe conditions, thus putting at risk their health and sometimes even their lives. As far as the age at which teenage woman may decide independently on terminating the pregnancy (without parental consent), there are no unanimous opinions. The current legislation establishes this age at 18 years.
The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova adopts this organic law.
Art. 1 - The Republic of Moldova accedes to the UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees adopted on 28 July, 1951 at Geneva (hereinafter referred to as Convention), considering itself bound by Article 1section B paragraph (1) letter B thereof, that is to say "events occurring in Europe or elsewhere before 1 January 1951", as well as the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, adopted on 31 January, at New-York, with the following declarations and reservations:
1. According to the paragraph 1, article 40 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova declares that, until the full restoration of the territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova, the provisions of this Convention are applicable only in the territory where the jurisdiction of the Republic of Moldova is exercised.
2. The Republic of Moldova shall apply the provisions of this Convention with no discrimination generally not only as to race, religion or country of origin as stipulated in Article 3 of the Convention.
3. For the purposes of this Convention by the notion "residence" shall be understood the permanent and lawful domicile.
4. According to paragraph 1 of Article 42 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova reserves the right that the provisions of the Convention, according to which refugees shall be accorded treatment not less favourable than that accorded aliens generally, are not interpreted as an obligation to offer refugees a regime similar to that accorded to the citizens of the states with which the Republic of Moldova has signed regional customs, economic, political and social security treaties.
5. According to paragraph 1 of Article 42 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova reserves the right to consider the provisions of Article 13 as recommendations and not as obligations.
6. According to paragraph 1 of Article 42 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova reserves the right to consider the provisions of Article 17 (2) as recommendations and not as obligations.
7. According to paragraph 1 of Article 42 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova interprets the provisions of Article 21 of the Convention as not obliged to accord housing to refugees.
8. The Government of the Republic of Moldova reserves the right to apply the provisions of Article 24 so that they do not infringe upon the constitutional and domestic legislation provisions regarding the right to labour and social protection.
9. According to paragraph 1 of Article 42 of the Convention, in implementing Article 26 of this Convention, the Republic of Moldova reserves the right to establish the place or places of residence for certain refugees or groups of refugees in the interest of the state and society.
10. The Republic of Moldova shall apply the regulations of Article 42 of the Convention as of the date of the entry into force of the Law on Refugee Status
Art.2 - The Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall ensure the delivery of the accession documents to depositary.
Art.3 - According to the Article 35 of the Convention, the Government of the Republic of Moldova shall hold consultations with United Nations High Commissioner of Refugees (UNHCR) regarding the participation of the latter in the process of refugee status determination, identification of necessary means for the implementation of the provisions of this Convention, especially for the adoption of some financial programs of material assistance to refugees on the part of UNHCR: (temporary shelter, food, medical assistance, education, integration related costs and provision of other services) that would permit bearing the necessary expenses for the application of the Convention in good order.
Speaker of the Parliament
Chisinau, 23 November 2001 No. 677-XV
(17 September 1991; Modified and completed 19 October 1993;
Modified and completed 30 September 1998)
The right of association is an inalienable part of human and citizen rights proclaimed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and are consecrated and guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova. This Law establishes the conditions and principles for creating, organizing, and dissolving a party or other socio-political organization.
I. General Principles
Article 1: The notion of party and the notion of socio-political organization
According to this Law, parties and other socio-political organizations are free will associations of citizens, based on community of ideas, ideals, and goals which contribute to the fulfillment of the political will of a part of the population by legally earning state power and participation in its enforcement.
The notion of socio-political organization also refers to leagues, fronts, unions, and political mass movements.
This Law does not regulate the activity of other citizens' independent organizations which are based on professional, and cultural affinities and which do not aspire to participate in the foundation of state of state.
Article 2: The right of association in parties and other socio-political organizations
The citizens of the Republic of Moldova have the right to associate by free will in parties and other socio-political organizations.
Only citizens of the Republic of Moldova who are at least 18 years of age can be elected as members of a party or socio-political organization.
A member of one party cannot be simultaneously member of another party.
Parties and other socio-political organizations have the right to associate in political unions, blocs, federations, and associations.
Article 3: The status of the member of a party or socio-political organization
The status of a member of a party or socio-political organization is specified by the respective organization.
Article 4: The basic ideas of the parties' and socio-political organizations’ activities
Parties and other socio-political organizations perform activities with respect to the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, to this Law, and to other laws, and function according to their statute, registered in the established way.
The ruling bodies of the parties and other socio- political organizations must be situated in the territory of the Republic of Moldova.
Parties and socio-political organizations from abroad, or their subdivisions may not be created or function on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.
It is forbidden to be created and to be active paramilitary parties or other socio-political organizations which oppose to political pluralism, principles of rule of law and have as their goal to remove or change by force, or by other unconstitutional means, the state order; attempt to undermine the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova, instigate war, social disorder, inter-ethnic conflicts, religious conflicts; propagate war and authoritarian and totalitarian methods of rule, and abridge natural human rights, set up activities that contravene the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova and the general accepted norms of international law.
Article 5: The statute of parties or other socio-political organizations
The statute must contain the following data:
1. The name of the party or socio-political organization.
2. The goals and the way to accomplish them.
3. Party or other socio-political organization statute shall be registered if:
includes at least 5,000 members residing in at least half of second level administrative-territorial units, but no less than 150 in each of the said administrative-territorial units.
has a program and elected steering bodies.
4. The rights and obligations of the members of the parties and socio-political organizations.
5. The way to form and the competence of the ruling committee of the party or socio-political organization and the terms of their empowerments.
6. The way to adopt, modify, and complete the statute.
7. The sources for the financial support and other assets.
8. Conditions in which a party or socio-political organization can be created, reorganized, or dissolved.
The statute should not infringe the laws of the Republic of Moldova.
Only in the case that the party or socio-political organizations consists of at least 3OO members, has a program and a leading committee, its statute can be registered.
Article 6: The name of the party or socio-political organization
The name, abbreviation and symbol of the party or socio-political organizations must be different from others registered in the Republic of Moldova,
In the case that the name of the party or socio- political organization is changed, then the party or socio-political organization should be registered again, as this Law specifies.
Article 7: Guarantees on activity
The state ensures that the rights and legitimate interests of parties or other socio-political organizations are observed with respect to the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova. Also, the state guarantees that the same juridical terms are ensured for the accomplishment of the tasks present In their statute.
The interference of state bodies and officials in the activity of parties or other socio-political organizations and also the interference of the parties or other socio-political organizations in the activities of state bodies or officials are forbidden, except the cases stipulated by law.
It is forbidden to oppress and to deny the rights of a citizen because of his affiliation with a party or socio-political organization.
Any request to confirm the affiliation with a party or socio-political organization in an official document is not legal.
The activity of the party or socio-political organization must be sustained out of its own financial resources.
Parties and other socio-political organizations shall promote principles of equality of men and women in the decision making bodies.
The person who violates these conditions is held responsible according to the law.
Article 8: Restrictions on political activity
Soldiers, persons who work in the Department of Internal Affairs, or in the State Security Department or In the Customs Office, judges, prosecutors, state inspectors, as well as those working for the official press, radio and television, are not allowed to join any party or any socio-political organization.
Members of parties or other socio-political organizations who are recruited, as established by the law, into military service, appointed in the prosecution bodies, Internal Affairs bodies, State Security bodies, as well as in the State Inspecting bodies, have to suspend their affiliation during the period they serve in these institutions.
A person who has suspended his affiliation to a party or socio-political organization cannot be elected as a member of the ruling bodies of the party or socio-political organization, and cannot perform any duties for the party or socio-political organization.
Article 9: The de-ideologization of the education system
In the Republic of Moldova, the education system is not ideologically oriented. It is forbidden to disseminate and propagate political ideas of a party or socio-political organization in any kind of school.
Article 10: Financial support for parties or other socio-political organizations
The financing of parties and other socio-political organizations and the transferal of property to them shall be prohibited for:
foreign states, foreign Individuals and legal entities, and Individuals without citizenship;
state organs, state enterprises, organizations and institutions with the exception of financing in accordance with the present legislation of elections for the representative organs of state power,
joint-ventures in which more than 20% of the capital is foreign or owned by a foreign state or founder;
all unregistered civic associations;
any anonymous persons.
Parties and socio-political organizations are not allowed to receive financial support from foreign countries, foreign citizens or juridical persons from abroad.
Parties and socio-political organizations shall be funded only via the accounts in the banks operating on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.
Article 11: Solving the affairs of the party or other socio-political organization
Problems regarding the interest of a party or socio-political organization are solved, according to the legislation, by state and economical organizations, with the participation or coordination of the respective parties or socio-political organizations.
Article 12: The principle of creating a party or a socio-political organization
The foundation of a party or a socio-political organization is based on The territorial principle.
The creation and activity of the organizatorial units of parties and socio-political organizations at places of work is forbidden.
The state or state official cannot Initiate The foundation of a party or socio-political organizations.
II. The registration of the partes and other socio-political organizations
Article 13: Registration of the statute
Parties and other socio-political organizations have the right to achieve their purposes declared in the statute only after their registration.
The registration application is submitted to the Ministry of Justice together with the following:
statute and program of the party or socio-political organization;
act on set up and party or socio-political organization members list, compiled based on applications approved by the leader of political party or socio-political organization, which will include: name and surname, year of birth, residence, ID number, workplace, and signature of the relevant party or socio-political organization member;
documents indicating headquarters of the party or socio-political organization;
evidence of bank account.
One month after the submission of statute, program the Justice Ministry shall register the statute or if it fails to meet the requirements of this Law shall refuse the registration.
The Justice Ministry's decision regarding the refusal to register the statute can be contested by the respective organization at the Supreme Court within ten days. The decision of the Supreme Court is final.
Modifications and completions of statutes of parties and socio-political organizations will be registered as the initial registration provides. The president or a representative of the executive body of a party or socio-political organization must be a witness to the statute's registration formalities.
At the moment of registration, the parties or other socio-political organizations become juridical persons.
The Justice Ministry holds the Register of parties and socio-political organizations.
The Government regulates the registration of the statutes of parties and socio-political organizations through a Regulation which it approves.
Article 14: The symbol of a party or socio-political organization
The parties and socio-political organizations can have an emblem or a flag as a symbol, which must not reproduce the state symbols and shall be officially registered in the established way for the registration of the statute. The symbol must not serve purposes which are mentioned in Article 4 of the present Law.
III. The activity of parties and other socio-political organizations
Article 15: The rights of parties and other socio-political organizations
The rights of parties and socio-political organizations are established by this law and also by their statutes.
For the fulfillment of the purposes mentioned by their statute or by their programs, parties and socio-political organizations have the right:
to freely circulate information about their activity;
to participate (independently, as a part of a bloc or a union with other parties and organizations), in elections for the representative state bodies of all ranks and in the formation of state administrative bodies;
to found and own its own mass-media means, and to have editorial activity, according to the legislation in force.
to use free of charge, during the election campaign, the state mass-media, in accordance with the republican laws regarding the elections.
to exert other empowerments provided by the present Law, or by other pieces of legislation.
Article 16: The property of parties and of other socio-political associations
Parties and other socio-political organizations may have assets such as buildings, equipment, publishing houses, printing houses, modes of transportation, as well as other material goods necessary exclusively for the realization of the purposes provided for by their statutes.
The right of parties and other socio-political organizations to own property is regulated by law.
Parties and other socio-political organizations have tile right to benefit from their buildings and other goods, according to the borrowing or lease agreements concluded with other persons.
Parties and other socio-political organizations may not own: land, industrial enterprises or associations and production cooperatives, and cannot carry on economic or commercial activities, except cases mentioned in Article 17.
It is prohibited for parties and other socio-political organizations to possess and deposit or keep weaponry, explosives and other materials which may present a danger (including ecological) to the life and health of citizens.
Article 17: Financial support for parties and other socio-political organizations
The finances of parties and other socio-political organizations may be formed from registration and membership fees, profits received from the activity of mass media, sale of socio-political literature, sale of other propaganda and agitation materials manufactured with their own symbols, from conducting festivals, exhibitions, lectures, other measures, from the voluntary contributions, donations by physical and legal entities, except for cases indicated in the first part of Article 10, and also from other sources not prohibited by law.
Article 18: The use of income
According to the legislation, and exclusively in order to accomplish the purposes mentioned by its statute, a party or socio-political organization may set up enterprises or administrative organizations, which have the right to be juridical persons.
Income received from the activities of parties and other socio-political organizations may not be distributed among their members and should be used solely for the achievement of prescribed goals.
Members of parties and other socio-political organizations are not entitled to income and property of parties and socio-political organizations and are not liable for their debts.
The use of the benefits for charitable activities is allowed independently of the provisions of the statute.
The parties and socio-political organizations shall publish an annual report about their income, expenditures, sources, and prior to February 1 of the following year, shall submit to the financial authorities a declaration about their financial activity for that year.
Article 19: The right to circulate information
The parties and other socio-political organizations have the right to make public, in written, verbal, or any other form, information about their activities, to propagate their ideas, purposes, and programs. They also have the right to establish their own mass-media means, except radio and television, and to use state mass-media, according to the legislation in force.
Article 20: The right to hold rallies
The parties and other socio-political organizations have the right to demonstrate and to call for meetings or demonstrations, as established by law.
IV. Control of the activities of parties and other socio-political organizations
Article 21: Supervision and control of the activities of parties and other socio- political organizations
According to the fiscal legislation, the financial authorities exert control over the sources of income of parties and other socio-political organizations, and also over tax-payment.
Ministry of Justice shall oversee the way parties and other socio-political organizations observe the norms of the regulations. Its representatives may be present during any events conducted by parties and other socio-political organizations and may ask for required documentation and clarifications.
Supervision of the compliance by parties and other socio-political organizations with the legislation shall be conducted by the organs of the public prosecutor.
Article 22: The responsibility of the parties and other socio-political organizations
If a party or a socio-political organization incurs material prejudices by its illegal action the interests of the state, citizens, organizations, or other parties or socio- political organizations, then that party or socio-political organization must compensate the damaged parties for their losses, out of its own sources, in accordance with the law.
V. On suspending and dissolving the activities of a party or other socio-political organization
Article 23: The suspension of the activities of a party or other socio-political organization
The Justice Ministry will suspend the activity of a party or socio-political organization in the case that it has infringed the Constitution or the present Law.
In this case, the Justice Ministry will inform in writing the riding body of the respective party about the violation of the law that has been committed and will establish the term for removing it.
During the electoral campaign, only the Supreme Court can suspend the activity of a party or socio-political organization.
As long as a party or socio-political organization is suspended, it is not allowed to use mass-media, to make agitation, propaganda, to conduct banking operations, or other operations concerning property or to participate in elections.
After removing the violation, the party or socio- political organization will inform the Justice Ministry, which, in a period of five days, shall authorize the party or socio-political organization to resume its activity.
A party or socio-political organization can be suspended for at most six months. The activities of a party or socio-political organization may be suspended for one year if the violation is not removed or if, within a year of the date of suspension, the law is infringed again.
Article 24: The cessation of the activity of a party or socio-political organization
The activity of a party or socio-political organization will cease in these cases:
the party or socio-political organization dissolves itself, according to the statute;
the party or socio-political organization is dissolved by decision of the Supreme Court.
Article 25: Punitive dissolution
In the case that a party or socio-political organization infringes the Constitution or the present Law again within one year after it has been suspended, as an answer to the request of the Justice Ministry, the Supreme Court may suspend the activity of that party or socio-political organization.
The State Prosecutor has the right to ask for the suspension of the activity or the dissolution of any party or socio-political organization, arguing his request before the Supreme Court.
Article 26: Appeals
A party or socio-political organization can appeal against the decision by which its statute was not registered or by which it was suspended or dissolved. The appeal will be sent to tile Supreme Court, which shall examine it within five days.
VI. Final Provisions
Article 27: The right to have international connections
According to their statutes and to the provisions of this Law, parties and other socio-political organizations have the right to enter into international associations, to have direct links and international connections, and to sign agreements.
Article 28: Application of the norms of international treaties
In the case that an international treaty signed by the Republic of Moldova has norms which diverge from this Law, then the norms of the treaty are to be applied.
President of the Republic of Moldova Mircea Snegur
Chisinau, September 17,1991
Modified and completed on October 19,1993, No. 1615-XII.
Modified and completed on September 30, 1998, No. 146-XIV
Chisinau, September 17,1991
Modified and completed on October 19,1993, No. 1615-XII.
Modified and completed on September 30, 1998, No. 146-XIV