Law nr. 78 from 12.04.2012

Single article. - Criminal Code of the Republic of Moldova no. 985-XV of 18 April 2002 (republished in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Moldova, 2009, no. 72-74, art. 195), as amended, be amended and supplemented as follows:
    One. In Article 324 (1) reads as follows:
    "(1) claiming or receiving, directly or through a mediator, by a public or a public figure of foreign goods, services, privileges or benefits in any form is not entitled, for himself or for a another person, or accept their offer or promise to do or not or to delay or expedite performance of a function in exercising his or offend
    shall be punished with imprisonment from 3 to 7 years with fine from 1000 to 3000 conventional units and deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or practice certain activities for a period of 2-5 years. "
    Two. Article 325:
    (1) reads as follows:
    "(1) The promise, offering or giving, directly or through a mediator, a public or a public foreign goods, services, privileges or benefits in any form is not entitled to it or for another person, for to do or not or to delay or expedite performance of a function in exercising his or offend
    shall be punished with imprisonment up to six years with a fine from 1000 to 3000 conventional units and the legal entity shall be punished with fine from 2000 to 4000 conventional units with deprivation of the right to perform certain activities. "
    sanction of paragraph (2) is completed at the end with the text "and the legal entity shall be punished with fine from 3000 to 8000 conventional units with deprivation of the right to perform certain activities";
    sanction of paragraph (3) finally completed the text "and the legal entity shall be punished with fine from 5000 to 10,000 conventional units, with deprivation of the right to perform certain activities, or liquidation of legal entities".
    Three. Article 326:
    sanction of paragraph (1) is completed at the end with the text "and the legal entity shall be punished with fine from 2000 to 4000 conventional units with deprivation of the right to perform certain activities";
    sanction of paragraph (2) is completed at the end with the text "and the legal entity shall be punished with fine from 3000 to 8000 conventional units with deprivation of the right to perform certain activities";
    sanction of paragraph (3) finally completed the text "and the legal entity shall be punished with fine from 5000 to 10,000 conventional units, with deprivation of the right to perform certain activities, or liquidation of legal entities".
    Four. The title of Chapter XVI of the special will be:

"Chapter XVI - CRIMES OF CORRUPTION IN PRIVATE"

    Five. In Article 333 (1) reads as follows:
    "(1) claiming or receiving, directly or through a mediator, by an arbitrator selected or appointed to settle by arbitration a dispute by a person who manages a commercial organization, public or another organization or working for a non-state Such an organization of goods, services, privileges or benefits in any form is not entitled, for himself or for another person, or accept their offer or promise to do or not or to delay or expedite performance of a in exercising his or offend
    shall be punished with fine from 500 to 1500 conventional units or imprisonment up to three years, in both cases with deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or practice certain activities for up to five years. "

    Six. Article 334:
    (1) reads as follows:
    "(1) The promise, offering or giving, directly or through a mediator, an arbitrator selected or appointed to settle by arbitration a dispute, a person who manages a commercial organization, public or other non-state organization or working for this organization goods, services, privileges or benefits in any form is not entitled, for himself or for another person to do or not or to delay or expedite performance of a function in exercising his or offend
    shall be punished with fine from 500 to 1000 conventional units or imprisonment up to three years, and the legal entity shall be punished with fine from 1000 to 2500 conventional units with deprivation of the right to perform certain activities. "
    sanction of paragraph (2) is completed at the end with the text "and the legal entity shall be punished with fine from 2000 to 4000 conventional units with deprivation of the right to perform certain activities";
    sanction of paragraph (3) finally completed the text "and the legal entity shall be punished with fine from 5000 to 10,000 conventional units, with deprivation of the right to perform certain activities, or liquidation of legal entities".
    Seven. In Article 335 (1) after "other non-state organization" insert text "or working for such organizations."







Law nr. 270 from 23.12.2011

Chapter I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

     Article 1. - State social insurance budget for 2012 approved the revenues of 9,825,884,700 lei and expenses amounting to 9,825,884,700 lei.

     Article 2. - (1) Summary of state social security budget revenue and expenditure is presented in Appendix. A.
     (2) The list of programs included in the social security budget is presented in Annex 2.

Chapter II - ARRANGEMENT FOR CALCULATION AND PAYMENT OF CONTRIBUTIONS
STATE INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS AND SPECIFIC ISSUES OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE

    Article 3. - Prices of state social security contributions mandatory, terms of steering their state social security budget and the presentation by paying the statements concerning the calculation and use of state social insurance contributions required and the types of social benefits provided are presented in Appendix. Three.

    Article 4. - The contribution rate for mandatory state social insurance provided to employers in agriculture specified in section 1.3. Annex no. 3, a 6% to fund salary and other payments shall be remitted to the state social insurance budget by transfers from the state budget.

    Article 5. - (1) individual contribution mandatory state social insurance due to the employees, employees with individual employment contract or other contracts to carry out works or services, the people operating in elected or appointed to the executive authorities, judges, prosecutors, the Ombudsmen is determined in the amount of 6% of monthly salary and other rewards.
    (2) The calculation of annual individual contribution mandatory state social insurance shall not exceed a 5 average salaries projected the economy multiplied by 12. Average monthly salary in the economy forecast is approved annually by the Government.
    (3) individual contribution mandatory state social insurance paid in addition to state social security budget by the insured person shall be released by Government.

    Article 6. - (1) The categories of persons who are not mentioned in Annex. 3 can be provided based on individual contract concluded with the National Social Insurance, pay state social insurance contributions amounting to 4704 lei per year for individuals and owners or tenants of agricultural land to individual processing - the amount of 1164 USD per year, but not less than 1/12 of monthly amounts, which are insured period which includes the contribution period to establish old-age pension and death allowance. If the payer pays state social insurance contributions amounting to 42,633 lei annually, but not less than one twelfth of this amount per month, this amount will be taken into account in determining the average monthly income for determining pension entitlements of age.
    (2) Individuals may be provided starting in 1999 based on individual contract concluded with the National Social Insurance, paying for each year of state social insurance contribution in the amount provided in par. (1), which gives them the right to adequate social benefits specified in para. (1).
    (3) In case of termination referred to in para. (1) and (2), the state social insurance contributions paid is not refunded. Insurance period, according to the contract referred to in paragraph. (1) and (2), is recovered in establishing social security rights given in this article.

    Article 7. - (1) Paying the social security budget, including those funded by the central government, are obliged to transfer the amount due in the order and terms set out in Annex no. 3, social security contributions mandatory state social security budget, related to salaries and other rewards calculated.
    (2) The contribution of mandatory state social insurance is considered paid upon receipt of it on account of the Ministry of Finance - State Treasury.
    (3) Simultaneously with the release of funds to pay salaries, financial institutions seek payment of money by paying the social security budget.
    (4) Amounts contributions mandatory state social insurance, partially paid for some time, are divided into individual accounts of insured persons in proportion to the amounts calculated for each person's social security.

    Article 8. - Types of social services provided to population groups whose funding is made from the state budget through the National Social Insurance is presented in Appendix. Four.

    Article 9. - Types of rights and revenues of which, notwithstanding the art. 23 of Law no. 489-XIV of July 8, 1999 on social insurance system, not calculated contributions mandatory state social insurance is presented in Appendix. Five.

    Article 10. - (1) Paying the social security budget on a quarterly basis structures of the National Social Insurance House statement on the calculation and use of social security contributions mandatory state, the model developed by the National Social Insurance. For State Tax Service to follow in due time transfer to the state social security contributions mandatory National Social Insurance House with it within 35 days of the end of the quarter, information as provided by the National Social Security and the State Tax Inspectorate.
    (2) Failure to pay within the prescribed period of state social insurance contribution calculation attract a mandatory delay increases of 0.1% of the debt for each day of delay, including the amount due on transfer. Increase the delay calculation is performed by the National Social Insurance and the state social insurance contributions from the calculated tax audit - by the State Tax Service. Increase the delay will not be calculated for the period the documents on payment of state social insurance contributions required from one account to another is examined.
    (3) For agricultural employers, regardless of its ownership and legal form of organization, increase the delay for non-payment terms established in section 1.3 of Annex. 3 of State social insurance contributions to the calculated 2012 shall apply with effect from November 1, 2012.
    (4) Lower the state social security contributions mandatory set of fixed amount is punishable by a fine equal to the amount that was reduced.
    (5) Lower the state social insurance contributions required by the non-submission of the calculation and use of social security contributions mandatory state or disclosure statement that contains incorrect information or data, respectively, non-payment of contributions shall be punishable by a fine of 5% of amount that was reduced.
    (6) Reduction or concealment wage bill and other rewards that would be calculated contributions mandatory state social insurance is punishable by a fine equal to the sum of contributions calculated on the amount that was reduced or the amount concealed.
    (7) In addition to the fine imposed under par. (4), (5) and (6), the payer shall pay the amount that decreased social security contributions mandatory state social insurance contributions amount or state that the calculated amount was reduced based calculation and will calculate the delay increases for nevirarea within the time state social insurance budget amount.
    (8) The measures provided for in paragraph. (4), (5), (6) and (7) shall apply to employees of the State Tax Service.
    (9) amounts of social security contributions mandatory state employees received by the State Tax Service to minimize or conceal the fund of remuneration and other rewards are distributed on personal accounts of insured persons. Information on deciphering the recalculated amount shows the spatial structures of the National Social Insurance contributions by payers of the state social security budget within one month before the date of violation detection.

    Article 11. - (1) Funds received from the state social insurance budget (including the delay increases and penalties related to social security contributions mandatory state) builds on account of the Ministry of Finance - State Treasury account is transferred daily to the National Social Insurance treasury single account opened in the Ministry of Finance, and used in accordance with this law.
    (2) It is prohibited to decommissioning means the state social security purposes under the state budget and budgets of administrative-territorial and decommissioning funds by the National Social Insurance purposes other than those provided by law .

    Article 12. - (1) State Treasury Ministry of Finance shall pay amounts in this bill to the state budget from the state social insurance budget bank accounts of the National Social Security benefits for the state budget.
    (2) Payment of benefits from the state budget shall be made after payment of such amounts from the state budget to the bank accounts of the National Social Security benefits for the state budget.

    Article 13. - (1) compensations, monthly state allowances, allowances to families with children, compensation and aid materials to participants in the liquidation of consequences of the damage to CAE Chernobyl and their families, monthly allowances for outstanding nominal state to state are established for persons entitled to receive the social benefits from the state budget through public social insurance system, the National Social Insurance House and paid through financial institutions and / or State Enterprise "Moldovan Post" under contract with the National Social Insurance, in accordance with the regulations in force.
    (2) allowances for temporary disability, maternity benefits for persons employed by individual contract and maternity for wives at their husbands maintenance employees shall be calculated and paid at the basic work, according to Law no. 289-XV of 22 July 2004 on allowances for temporary disability and other social security benefits.
    (3) allowances for temporary disability funded social security and maternity benefits are paid from social security contributions payable by the employer mandatory state social security budget.
    (4) allowances for athletes for life, welfare and aid for the cold season are paid by the National Social Insurance through financial institutions, under a contract with the National Social Insurance, in accordance with the regulations in force.
    (5) Benefits specified in Annex. 1, except those specified in para. (2), (4), (6) and (7) of this Article, to individuals entitled to receive those services through public social insurance system is calculated by the National Social Insurance Information System SPAS and paid by financial institutions and / or State enterprise "Moldova's Post" in the lists submitted in electronic form by the National Social Insurance, under contract with the National Social Insurance.
    (6) Benefits for unemployed through public social insurance system is calculated from local agencies for employment and are payable through financial institutions and / or State Enterprise "Moldovan Post" under contract with the National Employment Agency Employment.
    (7) Benefits to individuals in prisons and entitled to receive those services through public social insurance system is calculated by the National Social Insurance information system and pay via SPAS prisons under contract with the House National Social Insurance.

    Article 14. - (1) benefits for illness prevention and recovery of working capacity of employees through balneotherapeutic treatment in specialized institutions are funded by the National Social Insurance of the state social insurance budget.
    (2) The organization of health workers by treatment balneotherapeutic recovery is performed by the National Social Insurance, with the participation of trade unions and employers, in accordance with regulations approved by the Government.
    (3) organization of health recovery through treatment balneotherapeutic pension beneficiaries through public social insurance system, according to Law. 190-XV dated May 8, 2003 on veterans and citizens who suffered from Chernobyl disaster, according to Law. 909-XII of 30 January 1992 on social protection of citizens suffered from Chernobyl disaster, is performed by the National Social Insurance.
    (4) to recover health services be purchased according to Law no. 96-XVI from 13 April 2007 on public procurement.

    Article 15. - (1) Charges for distribution services social rights provided by the State Enterprise "Post of Moldova" is set at maximum 0.8% of the amount distributed as rights of state funded and state social security budget . Distribution charges for services provided by financial institutions of social rights is set at maximum 0.6% of the amount distributed as rights of state funded and state social security budget.
    (2) After closing of payment, in submitting the reports, the National Social Security pays the State Enterprise "Post of Moldova" distribution amounts due for services of social rights at the rate specified in para. (1).
    (3) tariffs for distribution of social rights by money provided by the State Enterprise "Post of Moldova" is determined according to laws in force.
    (4) pensions, allowances and social allowances are distributed to the home state of people with advanced age and those who, because of health, can not get its own post offices, at their request.

    Article 16. - (1) commission fee amounts in cash issued by financial institutions for payment of benefits is set at maximum 0.25% of the amount released.
    (2) After closing of payment, the presentation of statements and documents confirming, National Social Insurance House returned the State Enterprise "Moldovan Post" and financial institutions specified in paragraph commission. (1).

    Article 17. - (1) Charges for collection services from the public social security contributions mandatory state social security budget, granted by financial institutions is set at maximum 0.2% of the amount to be collected.
    (2) financial institutions will not charge commission for services provided in par. (1) of the tax collectors and by individuals of agricultural land owners or tenants individually ground processing, which will pay in cash contributions for mandatory state social insurance.

    Article 18. - (1) Regardless of the category of pensioners who live in nursing homes (boarding centers) for elderly and disabled under the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection, after they were paid 25% of the monthly pension shall be determined and, if necessary , withholding documents as enforceable, the remaining amount of pension will be transferred to the National Social Insurance House these homes (boarding centers), in accordance with the financing plan presented by the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection, and will be used for maintenance of pensioners , procuring for them food, medicine, underwear and bedding, shoes and clothing.
    (2) nursing (boarding centers) for elderly and disabled have the National Social Insurance quarterly reports on the amounts transferred Intended use their social security budget and information on the records of those on full state maintenance .

    Article 19. - (1) pensions, allowances, benefits, compensation and aid payable in cash.
    (2) compensations are paid according to Law no. 933-XIV of 14 April 2000 on social protection of special populations, as established by the Government.

    Article 20. - In accordance with Law no. 123-XIV of 30 July 1998 on the capitalization of periodical payments, the liquidation committee shall, as a priority, the company is liquidated debts to recipients of disability pensions or survivors, determined after accidents or illnesses by transfer of funds by the National Social Insurance. If the company does not have sufficient financial resources, these rights are paid by the successor of the company concerned, and in his absence - of the state budget, as required by Government.

    Article 21. - Services to collect local taxes to municipalities will ensure off arrears of social security contributions mandatory state, the delay increases and penalties related to social security payments received from state natural land owners or tenants processed agricultural land individually.

    Article 22. - List of functions in civil aviation staff whose working conditions fall under special conditions is presented in Annex 6.

Chapter III - SINGLE SOCIAL BENEFITS

     Article 23. - (1) The amount of allowance at childbirth born alive in 2012 are:
     2300 lei - for the first child;
     2600 lei - for each child.
     (2) The amount of aid granted for the death of death of the insured, the pensioner from the social insurance system, the unemployed person and a family member to their dependents, also the death of the person who made ​​a total period contribution of at least three years, is 1000 lei.

Chapter IV - FINAL

     Article 24. - This law enters into force on January 1, 2012.














Law nr. 231 from 23.09.2010

Chapter I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Article 1. The purpose and objectives of the Law
    (1) The purpose of this law is to create the appropriate legal activities related to trade through the development of the commercial distribution of products and services in compliance with free competition, protection of life, health, security and economic interests of consumers.
    (2) This Law establishes the general principles of conduct trading activities in Moldova.
    (3) This law envisages the following objectives:
    a) Stimulation of the goods and services;
    b) encouraging free enterprise, ensuring fair competition and free movement of goods and commercial services;
    c) the maximum satisfaction of consumer needs for various products and services, food security and consumption;
    d) stimulating the development of SMEs;
    e) improving the institutional framework governing activities in trade;
    f) creation mechanism of interaction between central government and local trade;
    g) the modernization and development of forms of distribution of goods and provision of commercial services;
    h) simplified procedures for commercial launch activities;
    i) coordinating functions of institutions of state authority to oversee trade.

    Article 2. Regulatory domain
    (1) This Law shall regulate domestic trade activities in the field, sets the main requirements for these activities, the trade forms, competencies of central government and local authorities in the trade.
    (2) In this law, trade in food products, food and trade related services are defined in sections G, H and A Classification of Economic Activities of Moldova (CAEM) of 9 February 2000 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Moldova, 2005 , special edition).

    Article 3. Getting
    In this law, the terms used mean the following:
    trade activity - business activity initiated in the relations established in the marketing of goods produced, processed or purchased, and the execution of various works related to selling goods and providing services, aiming to private economic interests and provide a source of income;
    commercial service - business opportunity offered by the act of sale (supply), which provides benefits and consumer satisfaction, without leading to a physical exchange of material form;
    trader - legal entity or individual entrepreneur profit, incorporated under the laws and authorized to work in trade;
    small trader - a person engaged in commercial activity without state registration;
    "one stop shop" - a procedure by which public authority empowered under this Act and in collaboration with other public authorities, verify the authenticity of documents submitted by the applicant and / or deliver specific acts of authorities for approval on-line through electronic networks they have access to those authorities, if the law requires it or in another manner determined by the authority, without authorization involving the applicant;
    wholesale trade - activities of traders who buy for their sells to other traders or corporate or professional users;
    retail - activities of merchants that sell products directly to consumers for their personal use (final);
    catering service - business training, preparation, presentation and serving of food products, confectionery, bakery those, beverages and other products for their use in specialized units or outside them, and recreational activities appropriate to that process;
    business unit - unit (space) in the processes occurring operative movement of goods / services (collection, storage and sale);
    area of ​​sales (commercial area) - surface access for consumers to purchase product / service, for display of products offered to pay them and the movement of staff for the activity. There are areas of sale areas for receipt, storage, processing and storage of goods or production, as well as for offices and annexes;
    operating license - individual administrative act certifying the holder to practice a trade activity, indicating the location of the business unit or place open for sale. The term operating license does not match license term activities, as required by law, is licensed;
    price indicator - information carrier (paper, cardboard, plastic, etc..) the cost, quantity and quality product that reflects the various features thereof;
    sale price - the final price of one unit of product or of a quantity of product, including VAT and other taxes;
    unit price - the final price, including VAT and other taxes, per unit of product or single unit quantity of product that is used in marketing of specific products;
    products sold in bulk - products that are not pre-packaged and are measured in the presence of buyers.

Chapter II - STATE POLITICS IN TRADE

    Article 4. Regulation of commercial activities
    Regulation of state trading activities include:
    a) authorization to conduct commercial activities;
    b) conformity assessment of products and services;
    c) licensing of commercial activities;
    d) monitoring of trading activities (creation and management information system of trade);
    e) establish rules for trade activities;
    f) restrict or prohibit the marketing of products and services as required by law;
    g) the conduct of commercial activities;
    h) establishing the mechanism of pricing / tariffs for products / services of social importance;
    i) promotion of local goods;
    j) state control of trading activities;
    k) the protection of consumers, persons engaged in trade and the general public against misleading advertising, advertising bans for certain goods and services is immoral.

    Article 5. Central public administration authorities with responsibilities in trade
    (1) The central government provides the harmonious development of commercial network and modes of distribution of products and commercial services, offering equal conditions for all operators, regardless of its ownership and legal form of organization.
    (2) Ministry of Economy is the central body of public administration responsible for developing state policy on trade and regulate this area. The main tasks of the Ministry of Economy in trading activities are:
    a) drafting legislation to improve domestic trade legislation;
    b) development of state programs and strategies to develop trade activities;
    c) promote public policy in marketing goods and services;
    d) formulate proposals for trade activities and create favorable conditions for production and marketing of goods and services;
    e) coordination of central organs of government and local authorities in domestic trade;
    f) preparation and submission of domestic market protection measures;
    g) monitoring (management) information system of trade through local authorities (those with economic structures);
    h) examining individuals and legal opinions for the development of trade relations;
    i) submitting proposals for optimizing functions of state bodies with responsibilities in trade control;
    j) the initiation, organization and republican fairs and exhibitions;
    k) organization of seminars, roundtables, etc. trainings for training and retraining of trade, public information on issues related to trade.
    (3) National Consumer Protection Agency:
    a) coordinates and implements state of the consumer strategy;
    b) participate in drafting the rules for conducting commercial activities;
    c) proposals for out of production starts / stops importing and marketing of products / services which harm consumers' health and harm the state;
    d) organize training courses for staff involved in marketing products and services;
    e) carry out state control of the rules and regulations for conducting commercial activities.

    Article 6. Powers of government authorities local government in trade
    (1) commerce activities conducted in the territory are administered and coordinated by local authorities according to national regulations. Authorities shall exercise the following powers:
    a) ensure the implementation of state policy in the trade area within functional skills;
    b) develop and implement programs for developing trade in the territory;
    c) participate in the examination of draft laws regulating commercial activities;
    d) contribute to strengthening commodity resources to ensure a permanent trade with a set minimum daily requirements of consumer satisfaction in the territory;
    e) ensure the implementation of "single window" to issue operating permits;
    f) issue operating permits for facilities that sell products and services;
    g) establish units characteristics that sells products and services and locations of the criteria of urban development in the territory of the commercial sector;
    h) promote the development of SMEs operating in the trade to enhance employment opportunities;
    i) authorized to trade in public areas, organizing fairs and fairs;
    j) take action to protect consumer rights within their powers;
    k) coordinate the decentralized structures of the territory on trade;
    l) made in territory controlled regarding the rules of the goods and services and the operation of traders;
    m) prohibit and suppress unauthorized trading activities, as required by law;
    n) the detection of systematic violations, revoke operating under Article. Article 17. (2);
    a) organizes training, seminars and workshops for training and improvement of the trade.
    (2) economic profile structures within local authorities submitted to the Ministry of Economy, periodically and upon request, information on trade activities conducted within the territory.
    (3) The territorial strategies in trade, local authorities shall consult with professional associations, consumer associations, employers, local representatives of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry and other stakeholders.
    (4) To promote and protect commercial activities carried out in the suburbs and rural disadvantaged areas, local government may grant special privileges to conduct activities within competenţelor.În trade in tourist areas or those with architectural value, local government may provide facilities, as required by law, investors who contribute their own rehabilitation areas.

Chapter III - DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES IN TRADE

    Article 7. Forms and general principles the trade
    (1) Main forms of trade are:
    a) wholesale;
    b) retail;
    c) commercial services, including catering.
    (2) general principles of trade course of business are:
    a) compliance with hygienic marketing of products and services;
    b) compliance with the requirements of technical regulations and requirements of the goods and services approved by the Government;
    c) protection of consumer rights and interests;
    d) compliance and ethics training requirements in the field.

    Article 8. Wholesale
    (1) wholesale traders have, where appropriate, storage, preservation and processing organized, complete stocks of merchandise, provide informational support, transportation services, offers and other trade related services.
    (2) specific rules for conducting wholesale approved by the Government, observing the following conditions (requirements) General
    a) there are storage rooms designed and equipped technically appropriate amount and type of product stored. If food marketing, business unit has, necessarily, the refrigeration equipment and for processing activity (packaging) products - the equipment to these activities;
    b) business unit equipped with a computerized filing system;
    c) use of measuring instruments and metrological control checked;
    d) technical requirements for storage and exhibition sites near the goods;
    e) payment of goods purchased by bank transfer only.
    (3) Forms and nomenclature wholesale commercial units shall be approved by the Government.

    Article 9. Retail
    (1) Retail trade is conducted through fixed commercial establishments (stores), mobile (pavilions, kiosks, counters, commercial appliances, caravans, booths) or by other means provided by law.
    (2) specific rules for conducting retail approved by the Government, is subject to the following general principles:
    a) providing a variety of goods by type of business unit;
    b) managing stocks of goods - technical problems to the profile of trade (storage methods, spatial layout, display of goods);
    c) knowledge of forms and methods of trading goods;
    d) providing specific conditions for storage and sale of goods;
    e) services relating to retail.
    (3) retail forms (types of sales) and nomenclature commercial units shall be approved by the Government.

    Article 10. Commercial services
    (1) activity performance (marketing) services is carried out through commercial units (points of sale of services).
    (2) specific rules to provide commercial services approved by the Government, observing the following general conditions:
    a) the presence of a skilled professional who will provide service;
    b) the existence of technical base (service unit existence and appropriate equipment);
    c) the existence of an offer of service by service type having specific characteristics and rates justified.
    (3) Nomenclature marketing units (supply) of services and their features are approved by the Government.

    Article 11. Catering
    (1) Public nutrition takes place in specialized units, which are divided into types and are classified, usually in groups.
    (2) specific rules to provide catering services (including health rules and regulations) approved by the Government, with the following mandatory conditions:
    a) there are rooms equipped with appropriate technological process for each type of catering unit;
    b) the criteria assigned to each category of catering unit, established by laws;
    c) authorizing health units catering to the regional centers of preventive medicine;
    d) the employment of skilled personnel in the preparation and serving of food products, confectionery and pastry.
    (3) Traders providing food services as defined and approved by the Government requirements set menu assortment of products, services, forms of service, maintenance of premises providing the business unit.
    (4) catering Nomenclature and criteria for their employment in consumer services categories approved by the Government.

    Article 12. Market activity
    (1) The markets sold mainly agricultural products and foodstuffs and manufactured goods through commercial units located in their area.
    (2) Rules of operation of markets approved by the Government, with the following general principles:
    a) the employment market in terms of urban and environmental protection, the general urban plan or urban plan area;
    b) free market access of consumers and sellers;
    c) liaison with the main arteries of commerce;
    d) reserving enough space for the activity;
    e) the existence of storage facilities and laboratories accredited to verify the quality of products / services;
    f) marketing of perishable products in places exclusively selling these products (covered halls), equipped with refrigeration equipment;
    g) selling used cars, spare parts for them, live animals and birds, flowers and goods used in separate markets, especially organized;
    h) organizing monthly health days cleaning, the cleaning and disinfection of flags, equipment and the entire territory of the market.
    (3) list of goods banned from trading in markets approved by the Government.
    (4) market infrastructure includes facilities for services, including catering, organized only in specialized structures, in compliance with sanitary and protection of consumer life.

Chapter IV - TRADE ORGANIZATION

    Article 13. Initiating a trade
    (1) The trade can be exercised by individuals and legal entities authorized by law, having the object of marketing products and / or services.
    (2) commercial activity, except for small traders, is exercised by natural persons (individual entrepreneurs) who have obtained training as a result of training institutions specialized in commercial (economic), authorized by law, or persons who have certified skills in the same institutions, skills acquired as a result of work experience.
    (3) The Government shall establish qualification requirements for different categories of employees in trade.
    (4) trade in food products and catering and business services for the physical comfort of the consumers, are made by workers who, besides training, have completed a course in hygiene, organized under legal provisions in force. Workers must be provided medical certificates on health status, issued as required.
    (5) central bodies of public administration and local authorities, associations and legal persons concerned may organize training and professional development products and services marketing authorization provided such courses as required by law.
    (6) For commercial activities, traders must:
    a) to have a professionally trained;
    b) be registered as required by law;
    c) to obtain authorization of the business unit;
    d) to obtain the appropriate license for practicing an activity subject to licensing as required by law.

    Article 14. Authorisation to carry out commercial activities
    (1) Carrying trade activity is authorized by local government or first level of Chisinau in whose jurisdiction will carry out work that professional.
    [Article 14 of. (1) in the wording of 28.07.11 LP175, MO139-145/26.08.11 art.440]
    (2) operating permit is issued for each business unit separately trader in the application to local government.
    (3), enclosing the following documents:
    a) document confirming state registration of merchant compliance with the legislation in force;
    b) documents proving that the requirements of Art. 13 para. (2);
    c) the document confirming the ownership or leasing the business unit;
    d) business unit placement scheme (for kiosks, stalls and other mobile units);
    e) the agreement area sales managers, obtained under the law in force, to conduct trade in airports, train stations, stations and other public areas;
    f) the location or title holder authentication field;
    g) time of operation of the business unit;
    h) sworn statement of compliance with the permit;
    i) if approval catering operation, required additional sanitary authorization and organization of fairs for animal and agricultural markets have halls for marketing of animal products fresh - veterinary authorization.
    (4) The provisions of paragraphs. (3) shall apply to the relocation business unit or the extension of the trade.
    (5) The documents specified in par. (3) shall be submitted in original and copies thereof shall be kept in the archives of local government authority.
    (6) The trader is obliged to have the authorization for operating and carrying a form of trade that does not require business unit.
    (7) Small traders sell food products or agricultural products, except the food, based on an application approved for a temporary place of sale. Shall contain information on place of sale, sale period, their name and authorized by the mayor by endorsement and stamping within 3 days after admission.

    Article 15. Operating authorization
    (1) The local government shall examine the request and the documents mentioned in art. Article 14. (3) within 20 calendar days, with the obligation to check with the public authorities compliance with legal provisions on the principle of "single window".
    (2) If the local government finds non-compliance on the documents submitted, including the submission (signed) application by a person who has no service relationship with the applicant, this applicant shall be notified in writing, usually when application or within three days after filing.
    (3) The operating authorization plan to take account of urban and rural development planning, consumer access to public transport, the protection of children and young people by limiting the sale of goods that is immoral near preschool educational institutions .
    (4) operating permit is issued:
    a) for non-commercial entities that sell goods or services for commercial, except catering, holding title - indefinitely (during operation);
    b) commercial establishments that sell food items, including mixed assortment, and catering establishments holding title - a term
5 years;
    c) for commercial units located in rented premises - the deadline set in the lease contract, but not exceeding the period laid down in point. b). Termination of the tenancy early termination results in the operating license;
    d) for commercial units mobile - 1 year term.
    (5) operating permit contains:
    a) name / name of the trader;
    b) home / office trader;
    c) the trader identification number;
    d) name and address of business;
    e) the trade or the code under CAEM (shown separately trading alcohol and tobacco products);
    f) business unit type and category of employment according to the list type of business units (for catering);
    g) and within days you are allowed to trade (for mobile commerce and small traders).
    (6) application model and standard form of authorization to operate is set by the Government.
    (7) operating permit is issued free of charge.
    (8) The authorization of operation, the operator is informed about the conditions for its deprivation.
    (9) Local authorities sent to the Ministry of Economy quarterly, but not later than the 15th calendar day of the month following the quarter, information on permits issued, for inclusion in the Trade Information System.

    Article 16. Refusal of permits running
    (1) Application for the operating license is rejected by a decision of the local public administration. This is required to communicate in writing its decision and the reason for denial within 20 calendar days from the time of application.
    (2) Application for the authorization to operate may be rejected if:
    a) the location business unit, contrary to the general urban plan and general criteria for determining the areas and places of sale of localities;
    b) trade activity is carried out in improvised spaces or does not harmonize with the architecture area, the rooms do not comply with the requirements set or unauthorized areas (educational institutions, health, etc..)
    c) work areas that are detrimental to trade inside or near buildings with special architectural value or heritage value;
    d) professional traders are not ready for these areas.
    (3) Rejection of the request for authorization to operate may be challenged in court as required by law.

    Article 17. Withdrawal of the
    (1) operating permit is withdrawn in the following cases:
    a) the trader has not started operations for six months from date of issue of operation, except in cases of force majeure;
    b) the work was interrupted by the dealer for a period exceeding one year, except in cases of force majeure;
    c) the dealer has changed the kind of the trade;
    d) the dealer repeatedly violated rules of conduct trading activities, which documented the state the right to control.
    (2) operating permit is withdrawn by the authority which issued it on the court decision. In case of danger to human health or public order, authorization may be suspended by the same authority, which is required within 3 working days of the suspension, apply to the court, also inform in writing trader's decision to withdraw / suspend. If failure to indicate, it is considered that approval was not revoked / suspended.
    (3) If the irregularities discovered in the activities specified in paragraph trader. (1), local government is obliged to inform in writing the trader about their existence and to give him the opportunity to remove them. If the trader does not remove deficiencies within 30 days upon notification, to initiate proceedings to withdraw the operating license.
    (4) Withdrawal of authorization to operate may be challenged in court as required by law.

Chapter V - GENERAL RULES OF MARKETING PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

    Article 18. Protect life, health and safety consumers
    (1) Traders are obliged to put on the market products / services safe for life, health and safety of consumers. Every trader must be satisfied, based on information obtained from the manufacturer / importer and training, the products offered for sale are safe and to inform consumers of the risk factors in the use / consumption.
    (2) prohibits the marketing of products in the absence of accompanying documents on quality, quantity and safety, issued technical regulations, sanitary and accounting regulations.
    (3) is considered safe product / service is mandatory regulations defining the security of its system of supervision of compliance with the parameters defined characteristics laws in force.
    (4) If the security product / service can not be determined under paragraph provision. (3), product / service is considered safe when used under normal or foreseeable risks to life, health and safety of consumers.

    Article 19. Labeling, marking and packaging
    (1) Information provided by labeling, marking, packing, and how to apply the labels are determined by law. Labeling and rules under which it is made shall not be liable to mislead the consumer.
    (2) The sale of product / service, the trader / supplier must notify the consumer, at his request, in addition to information provided by labeling, marking, packing and other accurate and pertinent features of the product / service, conditions of sale and usage.
    (3) The product packaging must ensure the integrity and protection of its quality, easy to handle, to promote the sale of the product, while according to the law on labor protection, environmental and consumer safety.

    Article 20. Quantity and price
    (1) Depending on the type and characteristics of the product, its packaging will indicate clearly and unequivocally nominal mass and volume, length, area or other quantities that characterize the amount (content) product, expressed in units recognized by the system national metrology. The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to products sold in bulk.
    (2) The requirement that the data referred to in para. (1) is the manufacturer, trader or, as appropriate, the importer.
    (3) information provided by means of measuring the quantity of products sold in bulk must be clearly visible to the consumer. Measuring instruments used for determining the amount of commercial products must be certified (included in the State Register of measuring instruments in Moldova), adequate and regularly checked metrological.
    (4) The trader who offers a product / service network for retail sale must indicate the sale price indicator price, unit price and the tariff, according to legal provisions. It is not necessary to indicate the unit price if it is identical to its selling price.
    (5) sales prices, unit prices and rates shown clearly and unequivocally by marking, labeling the proposed menu and / or display and is expressed exclusively in local currency.
    [Article 20 of. (5) of 06.05.12 amended by LP33, MO99-102/25.05.12 article 330]

    Article 21. Other trading rules
    (1) The place of sale of goods / provision of services, the trader must possess documents proving their compliance with technical regulations in force. If these documents are kept elsewhere, within the business unit must retain copies thereof, authenticated with the stamp dealer.
    (2) The trader is obliged to keep records of products sold / services rendered and to release the buyers / consumers cash vouchers or other documents confirming the purchase of the product / service. Filing documents are available at the request of control, according to legal provisions.
    (3) Each dealer shall, in agreement with local authorities, the time of operation of the business unit that will comply with labor laws and regulations regarding peace and public order. Retail trade enterprises and commercial service can be open every day of the week. Food businesses units can not be closed more than two consecutive days for public holidays, except for objective causes of downtime. Hours of operation are posted at entry into the commercial, visible from outside. The trader is obliged to ensure compliance. Any change in the time of operation of the business unit is made with approval of the local government authority that issued the operating permit.

Chapter VI - CONTROL AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN TRADE

    Article 22. Control of the State trade activities
    (1) state control of trade activities is an economic-financial and technical (specialized).
    (2) economic and financial control is exercised by the Financial Control Department under the Ministry of Finance and the Centre for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption. The purpose of this inspection is to verify the correct indication of the movement of goods and commercial services accounting documents (financial and statistical reports), the compliance with those provisions freight stock, the correct payment for goods and services purchased, subject to compliance with the price of imported products social.
    (2) economic and financial control is exercised by the Financial Control Department under the Ministry of Finance and Interior Ministry employees. The purpose of this inspection is to verify the correct indication of the movement of goods and commercial services accounting documents (financial and statistical reports), the compliance with those provisions freight stock, the correct payment for goods and services purchased, subject to compliance with the price of imported products social.
    [Article 22 of. (2) amended by LP120 from 5/25/12, MO103/29.05.12 art.353; into force 01.10.12]
    [Article 22 of. (2) amended by LP267 from 23.12.11, MO13-14/13.01.12 32, in force 13.01.12]
    (3) control equipment (specialist) is exercised by the authorities with control of central and local government as required by law. Each local authority and central government exercises control within its functional responsibilities:
    a) State Service for Public Health Surveillance perform health monitoring products / services, authorizes healthcare catering;
    b) Sanitary Veterinary Agency for Safety of Animal Products made veterinary supervision of animal products, authorized veterinary animal fairs and agricultural markets (halls);
    c) Sanitary Supervision Inspectorate on Seed Control inspection and quarantine measures taken to meet production targets materials and plant quarantine;
    d) State Inspectorate for Market Surveillance, Metrology and Consumer Protection performs market surveillance on compliance with the requirements prescribed products and services and / or reported, including measurement standards, the requirement of indicating prices and consumer protection legislation;
    e) Licensing Board and local government (municipal councils workers' economic structures and regional) control business unit compliance with the conditions prescribed in the permit or license also verify compliance with the marketing of products and services within their powers;
    f) specialized subdivisions of the Ministry of Internal inspection by traders if they commit harmful acts of criminal or minor offense under the laws in force, and if a request by authorities with control.

    Article 23. How the surveys
    (1) control may be: comprehensive, uniform, repeated and unannounced. Complex control, the single and repeated inspections are planned.
    (2) complex control is performed once a year by a group of organs of state control functions, as required by law.
    (3) control unit is performed once a year by a single body with control.
    (4) repeated control is carried out to verify the execution of instructions to remove the violations found in previous control act.
    (5) unannounced if a complaint is made by consumers or consumer associations received to address the institutions or organs of state.
    (6) A check is considered legal when original trader controllers have control mandate, signed by the head and stamped body control and service credentials.
    (7) The trader is obliged to provide all materials necessary supervisory body of the check and ensure free access to targets under control.
    (8) Any control ends with the issuance of the check, signed by all persons involved in the control and dealer representative. Control documents are drawn up by representatives of state bodies with control or economic profile subdivisions of local authorities.
    (9) commercial units shall maintain register controls, indicating control body name, date of verification, type control, note the violations found, number of control and financial penalties. Representatives of the audit mentioned in art. 23 are required to record details of checks.
    (10) If it detects the marketing of products and services that do not meet current technical standards, lack of proper information about your product and accompanying documents of goods, sale of expired goods, carrying out unauthorized activities, breach repeated the legislation in force, employees of the audit mentioned in this law have the right to stop the marketing of products and services until the violations are or withdrawal of the open and address the court.

    Article 24. Liability in trade
    (1) Operators acting in the service or prevent the progress of violations committed by persons in charge shall be brought to administrative, civil or criminal, as required by law.
    (2) Operators have the right to address the court demanding cancellation, full or partial results of checks carried out by authorized personnel.
    (3) People with officials empowered with state control of trading activities is liable under the law in force for non ojectives and checks its results, and for disclosing trade secrets or other secrets protected by law.

Chapter VII - FINAL AND TRANSITIONAL

     Article 25. Entry into force of the law
     (1) This Law shall enter into force six months after publication, except art. Article 5. (3) and Art. 13 para. (2) and paragraph. (6) letter. a), which are implemented on January 1, 2012.
     (2) Upon entry into force of this Law, the Law no. 749-XIII of 23 February 1996 on internal trade (Official Gazette of the Republic of Moldova, 1996, no. 31, art. 318).
     (3) Traders operating under authorizations / licenses issued before the entry into force of this law will continue to work on them until their expiry date.

     Article 26. Adjusting the regulatory framework
     Government within:
     - 6 months from the date of publication of this Law, shall submit proposals to bring legislation in line with this law;
     - 12 months from the date of publication of this law will approve its laws and regulations to implement this law.

Law nr. 1260 from 19.07.2002

Chapter I - GENERAL DISPOSITIONS

    Article 1. The notion of the legal profession
    (1) The profession of lawyer is performed by qualified persons authorized by law, plead and act on behalf of their clients to practice law, to appear before a court or to consult and represent their clients in legal matters.
    (2) The profession of lawyer is free and independent, autonomous organization and, under this law and the profession of lawyer. Lawyer activity is not entrepreneurial.

    Article 2. Regulation of lawyer
    Regulation of lawyer is:
    a) establish the basic conditions and how professional legal assistance to individuals and businesses in Moldova;
    b) determining the forms of work organization as a lawyer;
    c) determining the types of assistance;
    d) the safeguards for activities qualified legal assistance;
    e) establishing how the admission to the legal profession.

    Article 3. Principles of advocacy
    Law is based on the following principles:
    a) ensuring the right of defense guaranteed by the Constitution;
    b) freedom and independence in activities of the lawyer;
    c) the relationship between democracy and collegiality lawyers;
    d) membership in voluntary associations of lawyers;
    e) ensuring the legality and humanism.

    Article 4. The lawyer's legal work
    The lawyer legal activity is in the Constitution, this Law and other laws governing the legal profession mentioned in the statute and international treaties to which Moldova is party.

    Article 5. The right to qualified legal assistance
    (1) Everyone has the right freely to choose their lawyer to advise and represent it in legal matters.
    (2) The State shall provide access to qualified legal assistance to all persons under this law.
    (3) Individuals and legal entities may benefit, as required, the legal assistance of any lawyer by agreement of the parties.
    (4) In cases provided by law, pay for qualified legal assistance is paid from state budget.
    (5) Based on the status of the person, the lawyer may provide legal assistance free of charge it.
    (6) Attorneys in Moldova have the right to meet some delegations or to practice as a lawyer in other countries, if required by law.

    Article 6. The Legal Profession lawyers from other states
    (1) Lawyers from other states may practice as a lawyer in Moldova, subject to the conditions provided by law, except the requirement of citizenship is.
    (2) A lawyer from another state may conduct business in the Republic of Moldova if an attorney certified in its home state and is enrolled in the special register kept by the Council of Association of the Republic of Moldova, hereinafter the Union of Lawyers.
    (3) A lawyer from another state may be individuals or legal interests in court and in relations with other public authorities than in international commercial arbitration. In case the client's interests so require, and at his request, the attorney can assist another attorney in Moldova.
    (4) The Ombudsman may conduct business from another lawyer in the office or in the office of associate lawyers on a contract basis.
    (5) Register of lawyers from other states are entitled to practice as a lawyer in Moldova is published on the official website of the Union Association.

    Article 7. Guaranteed legal assistance state
    Conditions, volume and the application by lawyers of state-guaranteed legal assistance shall be established by the Law on State Guaranteed Legal Aid.

    Article 8. Types of qualified legal
    (1) Attorneys granted physical and legal persons qualified legal assistance following types:
    a) provide consultations and explanations on the findings of legal issues, provide information and written reports on legislation;
    b) prepare legal documents;
    c) represent their interests in court;
    d) representing the legal interests in relations with public authorities, public notaries, bailiffs and other legal and natural persons;
    e) participate in criminal investigation and judicial debates in criminal cases as an advocate or representative of the victim, the civil party, the party civilly liable and witnesses.
    (2) Legal assistance described under par. (1) c) and e) by a person or entity not a lawyer be punished, unless the law provides otherwise.
    [Effective from January 1, 2012]
    (3) Attorneys granted physical and legal persons and other types of legal assistance not prohibited by law, both in case of single delegates, as well as for long-term delegations.
    (4) The procedure for granting legal aid lawyer can come true copies and extracts of documents and certify signatures on necessary documents for legal assistance. Lawyer can not perform these actions for themselves, family members, relatives and in-laws for.
    (5) The actions specified in par. (4) shall be certified by signature and stamp of the lawyer, with date and reference to compliance with the original.

    Article 9. Quality legal assistance
    Legal assistance provided by the lawyer must comply with best professional practice in legal, substantive and procedural rules and result in a proper and professional conduct.

Chapter II - LAWYERS

    Article 10. Requirements for practicing lawyer
    (1) The profession of lawyer can be exercised by the person holding the nationality of the Republic of Moldova, has full legal capacity, has a Bachelor Degree in Law or equivalent, enjoys a flawless reputation and was admitted to the profession after examination qualification.
    (2) shall be exempt from the internship professional qualification examination and those who hold a Ph.D. and those with at least 10 years work experience as a judge or prosecutor if, within six months after the resignation from office that have requested a license to practice law. The same rights and benefits and those same conditions, after his resignation as judge and prosecutor, continued to work in law.
    (3) The person who applied for license to practice law is not considered someone with impeccable reputation and her request is not admissible if:
    a) has been previously convicted of serious, very serious, deliberately committed exceptionally serious, even if they were off criminal record;
    b) have not been extinguished criminal record for committing other offenses;
    c) was previously excluded from the law or has withdrawn the license for reasons compromising legal assistance;
    d) was fired from the law enforcement reasons defamatory or was issued for the same reasons, from the judge, notary, legal adviser or public servant;
    e) the conduct or its activity is incompatible with the rules of lawyer ethics code;
    f) the court decision, it was an abuse that it violated human rights and fundamental freedoms.
    (4) The provisions of paragraphs. (3) applies and trainee lawyers.
    (5) The lawyer has personal stamp.

    Article 11. Incompatible with the profession of lawyer
    (1) The profession of lawyer is incompatible with:
    a) any remunerated position, except for activities related to scientific and didactic activity and the trial judge as arbitration (arbitration);
    b) business activities;
    c) the activity of notaries;
    d) other activities that harm the dignity and independence of the legal profession or morals.
    (2) may not be providing legal aid lawyer representing the interests of the courts in some other way than under a contract legal registered office associate lawyer or lawyers office. Exceptions are cases representing the interests of his / her spouse and relatives up to the forth degree.

    Article 12. Right to conduct its lawyer
    (1) For the legal activity, the applicant qualified to pass the test of a written request addressed to the Minister of Justice to issue the license to practice law.
    (2) After receiving the license, the lawyer is entitled to operate a lawyer only after:
    a) sworn;
    b) registration form for the organization of a lawyer under 32.

    Article 13. Suspension of the lawyer
    (1) The lawyer is suspended by law:
    a) the written request of the lawyer, if there are proper reasons;
    b) in case of incompatibility during the lifetime of this state;
    c) the prohibition of the active period, arranged by a court or disciplinary
    d) in case of failure by the lawyer Lawyers contributions to the EU budget at the end of 6 months from the date due until full payment of arrears;
    e) to the payment of the fine amount from the deadline referred to in art. Article 57. (1). c).
    (2) license and badge suspended lawyer whose business is to submit within 10 days, the Council of the Bar, which is retained during the period of suspension of work as a lawyer.
    (3) Council of Association shall, within 10 days from the date of suspension of work as a lawyer, to record this in the list of lawyers entitled to practice as a lawyer and to publish this information in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Moldova.

    Article 14. Termination of the lawyer
    (1) The lawyer ceases:
    a) the waiver in writing to exercise the profession;
    b) the license revocation;
    c) on death;
    d) if the lawyer has been sentenced for an offense under the criminal law and incompatible with the rules of attorney conduct of business.
    (2) A lawyer whose work has ceased shall return to the Council of the Association, within 10 days, license and ticket lawyer.
    (3) Council of Association shall, within 10 days from the date of termination of the lawyer, to record this in the list of lawyers entitled to practice as a lawyer and to publish this information in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Moldova.

    Article 15. Trainee lawyer
    (1) Lawyer is a Moldovan national, graduated in law, which has limited capacity and an impeccable reputation, who passed the examination for admission to apprenticeship and which concluded with one of the lawyers making contract internship.
    (2) works under the supervision of trainee lawyer lawyer guide.
    (3) Advocate Trainee is permitted to grant a fee, legal aid clients in the courts, appellate courts and public authorities.
    (4) trainee lawyer is liable for the quality of legal advice and liable to disciplinary action as provided in Chapter IX.
    (5) trainee lawyer is subject to the applicable tax lawyers.
    (6) trainee lawyer shall:
    a) pay the fee for conducting training period;
    b) to attend initial training. Duration of initial training courses can not be less than 80 hours during the internship;
    c) to provide legal assistance to clients in the legal contract, signed as provided in art. Article 60. (1) and validated by the attorney advisor;
    d) keep records of legal assistance;
    e) professional secrecy.
    (7) records of trainee lawyers are kept at the Council of Lawyers.

    Article 16. Specialists
    (1) For the performance of ancillary activities in the legal aid office associate lawyers or lawyer's office may hire specialists from different areas in the specifics of these activities.
    (2) employment as a specialist is impossible in case one of the grounds specified in Article 10. (3).
    (3) has no rights specialist lawyer can not succeed in fulfilling the tasks independently of legal assistance.
    (4) specialist employee is obliged to observe professional secrecy.
    (5) business conditions and how to pay the specialist to determine the contract.

    Article 17. Card
    (1) identification cards for lawyers and trainee lawyers issued by the Council of Lawyers.
    (2) models cards approved by the Council of Lawyers.

Chapter III - PROFESSION ADMISSION

    Article 18. Admission to the internship
    (1) Admission to the internship is based exam, with the principles of transparency and equality. Arrangements for examination for admission to training status is determined by the legal profession.
    (2) The examination for admission to training may attend only those who meet the conditions required by law to practice law.
    (3) entrance exam training is organized by the licensing profession.
    (4) results of entrance examinations in training are approved by the decision of the Commission's licensing profession.
    (5) The decision on admission to an internship, be adopted and communicated to the person who passed the exam for admission to probation within 10 days of support.

    Article 19. Internship
    (1) The person who passed the examination for admission to training made mandatory a training professional for 18 months, having in the meantime, an attorney trainee.
    (2) internship performance conditions, rights and obligations trainee lawyer, the lawyer guide, and the bar over them, are regulated status of the legal profession.
    (3) internship is conducted under contract between the trainee lawyer and attorney advisor, registered with the Council of Lawyers.
    (4) mentor lawyer office must have sufficient space to provide internship to be served in the profession for at least five years and an impeccable reputation. A lawyer can guide lawyers while more than 2 trainees.
    (5) internship is suspended during military service or the concentration, if no reasoned or trainee lawyer for breach of professional guidance without his fault. Conducted before the training period be included in the internship.
    (6) After the internship, trainee lawyer qualification exam. After the expiration of three years of completion of internship, trainee lawyer may participate in the qualification examination only if repeat performance internship with a minimum of 3 months.

    Article 20. Admission to the legal profession
    (1) To be admitted to the profession, trainee lawyer qualification exam before the Commission the licensing profession.
    (2) A person who has not passed the qualifying examination can seek admission repeated after 6 months from the date of the exam. Trainee lawyer twice rejected the qualification examination will be admitted into the profession in terms of art. 18 and 19.
    (3) The organization of the qualification examination shall be the status of the legal profession.
    (4) results of qualifying examinations are approved by the decision of the Commission's licensing profession.
    (5) The decision on admission to the legal profession to adopt and communicate the skill to pass the test within 10 days of support.

    Article 21. Documents required for admission profession
    (1) For admission to the internship, the applicant shall submit the licensing of the legal profession:
    a) The application for examination for admission to training;
    b) Copy of identity;
    c) Copy of diploma degree in law or its equivalent;
    d) a copy of the workbook, as appropriate;
    e) criminal record;
    f) medical certificate;
    g) the opinion of the attorney agrees to be his advisor.
    (2) For admission to the qualification examination, lawyer trainee license shall submit the legal profession:
    a) Application for admission to the qualification examination;
    b) statement about the fact that during the training period he carried out activities incompatible with the profession, specified in Art. 11;
    c) an affidavit, with the attached questionnaire to assess the good reputation;
    d) progress report prepared by the trainee lawyer under the requirements of the Legal Profession;
    e) reference guide issued by the lawyer;
    f) ticket trainee lawyer.
    (3) For a license to practice as a lawyer, those specified in Art. Article 10. (2) shall submit the legal profession licensing provisions referred to in para. (1). b)-f) of this Article and:
    a) an affidavit, with the attached questionnaire to assess the good reputation;
    b) letter of motivation;
    c) Copy of diploma of doctor of law, as appropriate.
    (4) Submission of documents containing false information may serve as grounds to exclude the legal profession.

Chapter IV - LICENSING OF THE LEGAL PROFESSION

    Article 22. License
    (1) license to practice law is the only act that confirms the status of lawyers.
    (2) The license to practice law issued by the Ministry of Justice within 10 days of the filing date.
    (3) license to practice law indefinitely issued and is valid throughout the Republic of Moldova.
    (4) The decision on refusal of license to practice law may be brought to court.
    (5) licensed to practice law shall be issued against payment in the amount of 450 lei, paid on behalf of the Ministry of Justice.

    Article 23. Content license
    (1) license to practice law must contain:
    a) name of the licensing authority;
    b) serial number form;
    c) statement about the profession of lawyer;
    d) full name of attorney;
    e) identification code;
    f) the registration number and issue date;
    g) signature of the Minister of Justice, certified by the seal.
    (2) license form is a document of strict accounting.
    (3) license form approved by the Ministry of Justice.

    Article 24. Register of licenses
    (1) register licenses to practice law issued by the Ministry of Justice take.
    (2) The register of licenses shall contain:
    a) full name of attorney;
    b) identification code;
    c) date by the Licensing Commission of the legal profession, the decision on the qualification exam;
    d) number of the license;
    e) the issue date;
    f) signature of the attorney receiving the license.

    Article 25. Revocation of license to exercise legal profession
    (1) license to practice law be withdrawn if:
    a) non-exercise repeated in a year, the duties, if before the lawyer disciplinary sanctions were applied;
    b) exercise the legal profession after suspension of the lawyer or non-transmission business, the lawyer whose work is suspended, the Council of the Bar of the license and the ticket within the deadline;
    c) systematic violations of the conditions lawyer legal assistance guaranteed by the state;
    d) repeatedly denied, unreasonably, to state legal assistance at the request of the territorial offices of the National Council of State Legal Assistance;
    e) detecting the true circumstances of the illegal actions of the lawyer to obtain a license;
    f) serious violations, one time, the rules of lawyer ethics code;
    g) an irrevocable court judgment convicting the lawyer;
    h) loss, the lawyer, the Moldovan citizenship after obtaining license to practice law;
    i) serious breach of contract legal provisions;
    j) if not indicated the legal agreement, the fees charged by the customer or indication of reduced amounts.
    (2) The license to practice law be withdrawn by the Ministry of Justice pursuant to Commission resolution for ethics and discipline. For the case referred to. (1) d) license to practice law be withdrawn by the Ministry of Justice, the National Council proposal for the State Guaranteed Legal Aid Commission and after consulting the opinion of the Ethics and Discipline.
    (3) The decision to withdraw the license to practice law may be brought to court.

    Article 26. Oath lawyer
    (1) lawyer following oath:
    "I, lawyer (insert name), about to make my contribution to the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of man, to fulfill my duties conscientiously and honest lawyer to professional secrecy by my behavior, not compromise the lawyer's professional honor. "
    (2) The text of the oath is signed by the lawyer.

    Article 27. Lawyer's personal file
    Lawyer's personal file kept at the Council of Lawyers. Includes personal file copy of the license to practice law, the text of the oath, and copies of decisions issued by the licensing profession and the Commission on Ethics and Discipline.

    Article 28. List of lawyers who have the right to Trainee lawyer
    (1) Council of the Association, within 10 days of the date of admission to the legal profession under 12, the list includes lawyers lawyer entitled to practice as a lawyer.
    (2) Council of the Association shall publish annually, not later than December 25 in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Moldova list of lawyers entitled to practice as a lawyer. Lawyers list is published on the official website of the Union Association. Simultaneously copy resolves Ministry of Justice.
    (3) A lawyer whose work has ceased shall be excluded by the Council of Association, the list of lawyers entitled to practice as a lawyer.

Chapter V - FORMS OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATION LAW

    Article 29. Forms of organization
    (1) The profession of lawyer is exercised at the discretion of the lawyer, in the following forms:
    a) the lawyer's office;
    b) associate attorneys office.
    (2) A lawyer may be founded only a cabinet or a desk associate lawyers.
    (3) Name of lawyer office includes his full name. Associated Lawyers Office can name.
    (4) dissolution of the cabinet office associate lawyer or lawyers made under civil law.
    (5) Office and office associate lawyer lawyers legal contracts related record completed by lawyers and trainee lawyers with their clients.
    (6) Office and office associate lawyer lawyers working in legal and economic conditions equal and can not be discriminated from each other in financial, fiscal or otherwise.

    Article 30. Lawyer's office
    (1) the lawyer's office one practicing lawyer (founder of the cabinet).
    (2) Cabinet active lawyer and presented in a legal individual.

    Article 31. Associated Lawyers Office
    (A) Associate office is founded by two lawyers and more lawyers (founders of office). Lawyers practicing on their own.
    (2) Associated Lawyers Office is the legal entity.
    (3) Associated Lawyers Office has bank accounts and stamp.
    (4) The relationship between the bureau lawyers lawyers are regulated on a contract basis.
    (5) Associated Lawyers Office is headed by a lawyer chosen by members of the committee.

    Article 32. Registration forms of organization
    (1) lawyers offices and associated offices of lawyers registered with the Ministry of Justice within one month from the date of:
    a) the application for registration;
    b) the declaration founding the bureau cabinet lawyer or lawyers. Declaration form approved by the Ministry of Justice;
    c) copies of licenses for practicing lawyer;
    d) copies of confirming the location of its office associate lawyer or lawyers office;
    e) contact data (phone number, e-mail address and mailing);
    f) confirmation of the notification of intention record Bar Association.
    (2) Registration of attorneys offices and associated offices of lawyers is made by entering data in the register kept by the Ministry of Justice. In case of change in the number of lawyers, or the registered name change, new data is entered in the register.
    (3) Cabinet associate lawyer or lawyers office and be issued an extract from the register, which serves as grounds for making the fiscal accounts, for making the stamp and opening bank accounts.
    (4) refusal to register the lawyer's office or the bureau of lawyers can be brought to court.
    (5) The lawyer has the right to modify the organization of the work of lawyers in this law.

Chapter VI - LAWYERS ASSOCIATIONS


     Article 33. Associations of lawyers
     (1) In order to protect their rights and interests, lawyers have the right to associate, on a voluntary basis under the law on nonprofit organizations, local professional associations, central and international membership based on individual or collective, and to register as required.
     (2) associations of lawyers, specified in par. (1), can provide material assistance to lawyers in these associations and their family members.
     (3) Associations of plants and international lawyers may have regional structures.

Chapter VII - SELF BODIES OF LAWYERS

    Article 34. Organization and functioning of organs Advocates of self
    (1) self-administration bodies of lawyers are organized and operate on the principle of autonomy, within the limits provided by law.
    (2) Election management bodies of the legal profession is by secret ballot.
    (3) collective management bodies adopt decisions by open vote. Deliberations and voting of professional secrecy.

    Article 35. Lawyers Union
    (1) self-Union Association is the body of lawyers, which includes all members of the Bar of the country, and is headquartered in Chisinau.
    (2) Lawyers Union is a legal entity has assets and budget. Union Heritage Association can be used in revenue producing activities, under the law.
    (3) The budget of the Association is formed:
    a) contributions of lawyers;
    b) fees for entrance exams and skill training;
    c) charges for internship;
    d) fines paid by lawyers as a disciplinary action;
    e) other payments prohibited by law.
    (4) The management of money accumulated Lawyers Union budget is checked every four years by an independent audit.
    (5) The management of Union Bar are:
    a) Congress;
    b) Council of Lawyers;
    c) the president of Advocates;
    d) general secretary of the Association.
    (6) Within the Association is established and functions:
    a) The licensing of the legal profession;
    b) Committee on Ethics and Discipline;
    c) The Audit Committee;
    d) Secretariat.

    Article 36. Congress
    (1) Congress is the supreme organ of the Association. Congress consists of delegates of each bar lawyers, under the rule of representation set out in statute the legal profession, and members of the Union Association.
    (2) Congress meets every year in ordinary session was convened by the Council of Lawyers. Congress is convened at least one month before the date set by publishing the notice in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Moldova and by notice in writing of the bar, with placement on the official website of the Lawyers Union agenda and materials to be examined.
    (3) Bars are required to choose their delegates at least 10 days before Congress.
    (4) In exceptional circumstances, if at least one third of the number of bars or on its own initiative, Council of Lawyers Congress convened in special session within 10 days of the request or on event occurrence evidence.
    (5) Congress is considered legally constituted if his works are present in two thirds of the members. Congress adopts decisions by a majority of members present. Congress decisions may be appealed as provided by law.

    Article 37. Jurisdiction of Congress
    Congress shall:
    a) elect from among its members, and dismiss the president of the Association and members of the Commission on Ethics and Discipline;
    b) make proposals for improvement of legislation;
    c) approve and amend the Code of Ethics of the lawyer and the status of the legal profession;
    d) approve the annual budget of the Association and its annual budget implementation;
    e) determines the contribution of lawyers to form Lawyers Union budget;
    f) establish fees for examinations for admission to training and qualifying examinations, the fee for conducting training period;
    g) hear and approve the annual activity reports, the Secretary General and the Commission of the Association;
    h) adopt decisions on relations between bars;
    i) take other decisions on the work of the Lawyers Union, provided by law.

    Article 38. Council of Lawyers
    (1) Council of the Bar is representative and deliberative body of lawyers in the country and ensure the ongoing work of the Lawyers Union.
    (2) Council of the Association is composed of president of the Association, deans bars and bars lawyers delegates according to the standard representation, established status of the legal profession.
    (3) Members of the Council of the Bar is 4 years. In case of termination of office of a member of the Council's replacement warrant executed difference.
    (4) Lawyers Union Council meets once a month. Council shall be convened at least 15 days before the meeting, by notice in writing to members and placed on the official website of the Lawyers Union agenda and materials to be examined.
    (5) In exceptional circumstances, if at least one third of the members of the Council of the Bar or on its own initiative, President of the Bar Council convened a special meeting within 5 days of the request or the date of occurrence of event supporting .
    (6) Council of the Association adopt decisions by majority vote. Lawyers Union Council decisions may be appealed as provided by law.

    Article 39. Competence of the Union of Lawyers
    Council of the Association shall:
    a) ensure the enforcement of Congress;
    b) resolve, during sessions of Congress, issues concerning the profession of lawyer, except to the competence of Congress;
    b1) provides lawyers' access to state secrets and decide on perfecting the right of access to state secrets, according to Law no. 245-XVI from 27 November 2008 on state secrets;
    [Art.39 lit.b1) introduced by the 4.7.11 LP66, MO110-112/08.07.11 art.299]
    c) keep the list of lawyers entitled to practice as a lawyer;
    d) take decisions on matters concerning the preparation and training of lawyers, approved initial training program for trainees and training lawyers for lawyers, approved list of institutions offering professional training;
    e) make recommendations on relations between bars;
    f) ensure consistency of examinations for admission to training and qualifying examinations;
    g) register contracts on internship performance;
    h) resolve conflicts and disputes related to the performance internship;
    i) approve and publish best practices for lawyers and mechanism to ensure the quality of legal assistance;
    j) Approval of the unique inscriptions on the stamps and stationery header lawyers, taking into account the organization of the work as a lawyer;
    k) appoint members of the National Council of State Legal Assistance among lawyers;
    l) prepare the annual activity report and submit it to Congress for approval;
    m) contracts approved by the Secretary General of the Association whose value exceeds $ 50 thousand lei;
    n) approves the function of the secretariat;
    a) perform other duties prescribed by law or delegated by Congress.

    Article 40. President of the Association
    (1) Lawyers Union President is elected for a term of two years of professional lawyers with experience in at least five years. The same person can be elected President of the Association for more than 2 consecutive terms.
    (2) Lawyers Union President shall:
    a) represent the Union Association in relation to natural and legal persons in the country and abroad;
    b) preside over meetings of the Council of the Association;
    c) sign the acts of the Union of Lawyers;
    d) monitor the relations between the Association and bar associations and relations between bars;
    e) support the bars in their relations with central and local;
    f) shall ensure appropriate conditions of business lawyers in court, the prosecution and public authorities.
    (3) In the absence, or on request, President of the Bar is replaced by a vice, it designates the purpose of the members of the Council of the Bar.

    Article 41. Secretary General of the Association
    (1) The organizational and administrative and financial economic Lawyers Union is insured by the Secretary General.
    (2) The Secretary General is employed by the Council of the Bar, on a competitive basis, for a period of five years, which may be extended once.
    (3) The Secretary General is committed person who has education and higher economic or legal experience in business at least five years.
    (4) The organization of the competition for the position of Secretary General shall be the status of the legal profession.
    (5) The Secretary General shall:
    a) responsible for economic and financial management of Union Bar;
    b) agreements and contracts on behalf of the Association;
    c) Order of the Lawyers Union budget expenditure;
    d) organize the development, funding and submission to Congress of the annual budget of the Association;
    e) presents Congressional report on implementation of annual budget Lawyers Union;
    f) participate, without vote, the Congress sessions and meetings of the Council of the Association;
    g) Prepares drafts and working agenda of Congress and of the Council of the Association, after consultation with the Board;
    h) undertake the secretariat staff and conduct its business;
    i) organized keeping all buildings owned or administration Lawyers Union and other goods in its heritage;
    j) exercise other powers indicated by Congress and Council of Lawyers.
    (6) general secretary is paid. The amount of remuneration is set by the Council of Lawyers.
    (7) During the mandate, the Secretary General is not entitled to cumulate other remunerated functions or activities, except for scientific and teaching.

    Article 42. Lawyers Union Commission
    (1) The Lawyers Union committee is organized by its president, elected at meetings of the members. Lawyers Union committee members or delegates are elected for a term of four years.
    (2) The Lawyers Union meetings shall be convened whenever necessary, but at least once a month.
    (3) Lawyers Union Commission decide independently on the conduct of meetings (open or closed).
    (4) At meetings of the Lawyers Union may be invited representatives of offices of lawyers, attorneys and associated offices of associations of lawyers, and others.
    (5) Lawyers Union to take decisions by majority vote of their members and are mandatory for all lawyers. Public Lawyers Union Commission decisions adopted on the official website of the Union Association.

    Article 43. Licensing Commission of the legal profession
    (1) The licensing of the legal profession is composed of 11 members chosen on a competitive basis, of which 8 are lawyers with experience in the profession for at least 5 years and 3 are professors of law.
    (2) contest for the election of members of the licensing of the legal profession is organized by a special commission appointed for this purpose by the Council of Lawyers. The organization of the contest is determined by the status of the legal profession.
    (3) The licensing of the legal profession:
    a) make decisions on admission to examinations;
    b) to conduct examinations for admission to training and qualification;
    c) to approve the examinations for admission to training and make decisions on admission to internship;
    d) approved qualification test results and make decisions on admission to the profession.
    (4) Decisions Licensing Commission of the legal profession may be appealed in the administrative procedure related to the organization of examinations. The score can not be disputed.

    Article 44. Commission on Ethics and Discipline
    (1) Ethics and Discipline Committee is composed of 11 lawyers, of whom six are elected by the Congress of lawyers with experience in the profession for at least 5 years and 5 are delegated by the bars.
    (2) Commission on Ethics and Discipline:
    a) examine complaints concerning the actions of lawyers and trainee lawyers;
    b) examine violations by lawyers and trainee lawyers to discipline and rules of professional ethics;
    c) initiates disciplinary proceedings on lawyers and trainee lawyers;
    d) take appropriate decisions in disciplinary proceedings;
    e) approve the model declaration under oath and good reputation assessment questionnaire.
    (3) Ethics and Discipline Committee members are bound by professional secrecy and not disclose information which is in the disciplinary proceedings.

    Article 45. Audit Committee
    (1) The Audit Committee is composed of five lawyers with experience in the profession for at least five years, delegates bars.
    (2) The Audit Committee supervises financial and economic activity of the Union Association and reports to Congress.

    Article 46. Secretariat
    In exercising, self-administration bodies of lawyers are assisted by the Secretariat staff. Conditions of employment and personnel functions of the Secretariat shall be established status of the legal profession.

    Article 47. Bar
    (1) Bar is established and functions only in the Union Association, under this law. It prohibits the establishment and operation of bars outside the Association. Acts setting up and registration of such bars are not valid.
    (2) Bar working in a district court of appeal. From the composition of the bar are all lawyers constituency.
    (3) Bar headquarters is in the locality where the Court of Appeal.
    (4) The management of the bar are:
    a) general meeting;
     b) Dean.

    Article 48. General Assembly
    (1) The General Assembly consists of all lawyers registered in the list of members of the bar of that district.
    (2) Ordinary General Assembly meets annually, is convened by the dean. General meeting is made at least one month before the date fixed by notice in writing to members of the Bar and by posting the agenda at the bar.
    (3) In exceptional circumstances, at the request of at least 1/3 of all members of the bar or on its own initiative, dean of the General Assembly convene a special meeting within 10 days of the request or on event occurrence evidence.
    (4) The General Assembly is legally constituted if at the majority of members of the bar.
    (5) If the legal number is not met, Dean introduces a new general meeting within 10 days. General meeting convened under these conditions is legally constituted with the participation of at least 1/3 of all members of the bar.
    (6) General Assembly shall take decisions by majority vote of members present. The decisions may be appealed as provided by law.

    Article 49. The General Assembly
    The General Assembly shall:
    a) elect and dismiss the dean and dean of the bar;
    b) to elect delegates to the Congress bar, the composition of Council of Lawyers, Ethics and Discipline Committee and Audit Committee;
    c) exercise other powers provided by law or under its competence.

     Article 50. Dean
    (1) Dean is elected for a term of two years and may be reelected only once.
    (2) The Dean shall:
    a) organizes the work of district attorneys in coordination with the bodies of the Union Association;
    b) is the bar in dealing with natural and legal persons in the country and abroad;
    c) convene and preside over meetings of the General Assembly;
    d) implement the decisions of Congress, the Council of the Bar and the general assembly;
    e) year but not later than December 25, publish a list of members by posting at the bar and bar placement on the official website of the Union of Lawyers;
    f) Notify the Commission on Ethics and discipline of professional review organization, discipline and work ethics of lawyers;
    g) exercise other powers provided by law or under its competence.
    (3) If the temporary absence of the dean or otherwise unable to exercise its powers, is provided by the interim dean.

Chapter VIII - WARRANTIES PROFESSION. RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF LAWYERS

    Article 51. Independence lawyer
    The practicing lawyer is independent and subject only to the law, the profession of lawyer and the lawyer's Code of Conduct. Lawyer is free to choose its position and is not obliged to coordinate the position with anyone except the client.

    Article 52. Guarantee independence
    (1) prohibits interference in the Legal Profession. State shall ensure the freedom and protection in practice law without discrimination and without undue interference from its authorities or the public.
    (2) Search home or space in which the lawyer provides legal assistance, used it to transport, lift objects and documents belonging to the lawyer, control and raising postal and telegraph correspondence, wiretapping and other activities can not be made except by decision of the court.
    (3) A lawyer shall not be subjected to body search or personal control during professional duties, except in cases of flagrant offenses.
    (4) In case of retention of the lawyer or the criminal accountability, the body that made such measures shall inform the Ministry of Justice and the Council of the Association within 6 hours of the arrest or criminal responsibility.
    (5) Insulting, slandering lawyer, his threats, acts of violence committed against him during professional duties in relation thereto shall be punishable by law.
    (6) A lawyer shall not be questioned about the essence of his relationship with the person shall give or take legal aid.
    (7) courts and the prosecution lawyer assures professional space to exercise within the institutions concerned.
    (8) No public authority can not influence directly or indirectly and can not control the contract between lawyer and client.

    Article 53. Rights lawyer
    (1) The lawyer has the right:
    a) represent the interests of the client in court, law enforcement agencies, public authorities, other organizations;
    b) take note of all case materials assigned since the conclusion of legal assistance, to make notes and copies;
    c) independently collect, fix and disclose the circumstances of the case;
    d) to request information, references and copies of legal documents necessary to assist the courts, law enforcement, public authorities, other organizations, who are obliged to release documents requested;
    d) to request information, references and copies of legal documents necessary to assist the courts, law enforcement, public authorities, other organizations, who are obliged to release documents requested in accordance with the law;
    [Art.53 of. (1), d) as amended by the LP208 10/21/11, MO222-226/16.12.11 art.619; into force 16.05.12]
    e) request, with the client, the expert in solving problems that have occurred in connection with legal assistance and who requires special knowledge in different fields;
    f) provide the competent authorities and the media requests and requests, lodge complaints and petitions established the actions and decisions that violate client rights and the rights lawyer practicing.
    (2) If the persons responsible official of par. (1) d) punishable by law established.
    (3) The legal assistance to detainees held in custody or convicted, the lawyer shall, at any stage of a criminal or administrative conditions for meetings and consultations, respecting confidentiality, without limiting the duration and number meetings and consultations.
    (4) Persons responsible official bodies charged with oversight of detainees held in custody or convicted are required to allow free access of lawyers to the person under contract for legal assistance.
    (5) Failure to comply with paragraph. (3) and (4) constitutes an infringement of defense and punishable by law established.
    (6) requests of the violation of par. (3) and (4) is examined by the court.
    (7) A lawyer may specialize in certain fields of law and to practice according to specialization.
    (8) The self-administration bodies of lawyers, the lawyer is entitled:
    a) to elect and be elected in the self of the lawyers in this law;
    b) to provide self-administration bodies of lawyers to review steps on their activities on proposals to improve conditions for business purposes and to participate in the examination;
    c) participate in meetings of the self-administration staff attorneys in cases when examining the activity or conduct;
    d) to receive the bodies of lawyers self methodological and legal assistance necessary for the profession.

    Article 54. Lawyer's obligations
    (1) A lawyer shall:
    a) to advocate for free access to justice for a fair trial conducted in a reasonable time;
    b) provide legal assistance under contract with the customer or territorial office of the National Council of State Legal Assistance;
    c) to state legal assistance in the amount requested by the offices of the National Council of State Legal Assistance;
    d) apply, in exercise of his profession, means and methods provided by law to protect the rights and interests of the client;
    e) keep records of legal status as established by the legal profession;
    f) keep the register of documents certified in accordance with Art. Article 8. (4). Form and content of the register shall be approved by the Council of the Association;
    g) have the space required for legal assistance;
    h) inform the Ministry of Justice and the Council of the Association, within 10 days, about the change of contact, the head office or the bureau of lawyers;
    i) to attend annual training courses continues in volume of at least 40 hours, according to the plan approved by the Council of Association, these courses completed a report;
    j) to provide the Council of the Association, within five days from the due date, proof of payment of fine;
    k) to comply with the Code of Ethics statute lawyer profession.
    (2) The lawyer is not entitled to provide legal person if:
    a) in the present case, it pays or legal assistance to persons whose interests contradict the interests of that person;
    b) in the present case, he participated as a judge, prosecutor, the person conducting the criminal investigation, expert, specialist, translator, witness or witnesses;
    c) the prosecution or investigation of the case data, included a person the lawyer is in family relationships, family or close family to him.
    (3) The lawyer is not entitled to act contrary to the interests of the client, to take a legal position without coordinating it with him (unless the client admits guilt), to refuse, without due cause, defending the suspect, defendant or of the convict, who had obliged.
    (4) The lawyer has no right to plead guilty client if it does not plead guilty. Customer recognition of guilt does not deprive the right lawyer to contest the charge and require payment to the client.
    (5) Advocate is prohibited from taking part in the process without prior knowledge of material file.
    (6) The self-administration bodies of lawyers, lawyer:
    a) participate in the Congress and the general assembly;
    b) contributions paid into the budget for Lawyers Union;
    c) carry out some tasks of self-administration bodies of lawyers if not undermine the exercise of his profession.

    Article 55. Confidentiality
    (1) The lawyer is not entitled to disclose confidential information have been disclosed during legal assistance and to transmit, without the customer, third parties documents related to the exercise of delegation.
    (2) The obligation of professional secrecy is not limited in time.

Chapter IX - DISCIPLINARY LIABILITY OF ATTORNEY

    Article 56. Disciplinary
    (1) Disciplinary Counsel responsible for actions that violate this law, rules of the Code of Conduct for lawyers and other normative acts that regulate the legal profession.
    (2) Petitions for action lawyers and information about disciplinary offenses committed by the lawyer during professional duties, shall be examined by the Commission on Ethics and Discipline. If there are sufficient grounds, has a control board. Control is performed by members of the commission or be the responsibility of the bar.
    (3) Ethics and Discipline Committee should ask the lawyer who was brought disciplinary procedure explained in writing altе documents and materials necessary for a decision objectives.
    (4) If it is true some violations committed by a lawyer, Chairman of the Ethics and Discipline presents material about the lawyer concerned to review the commission.
    (5) Examination by the Commission on Ethics and discipline of materials related to disciplinary proceedings are disciplinary offenses.
    (6) Ethics and Disciplinary Commission adopts one of the following decisions:
    a) the disciplinary sanction;
    b) for carrying out an additional control;
    c) the lack of violations in action lawyer.
    (7) Ethics and Discipline Committee decision is made public.
    (8) A lawyer who was brought disciplinary proceedings is entitled to attend the examination question on holding him to disciplinary and to account directly for Ethics and Discipline Committee.

    Article 57. Disciplinary
    (1) Disciplinary sanctions are:
    a) warning;
    b) reprimand;
    c) fine from 1000 to 3000 lei, which will become part of the budget of the Association. Fine shall be paid within 30 days from the date of issuance of the decision on disciplinary sanction in the form of a fine;
    d) suspension of the lawyer (under art. 13 para. (1). c) and d);
    e) withdrawing the license to practice law (under Article 25 para. (1).
    (2) The disciplinary sanction taking into account the seriousness of the offense, the circumstances in which it occurred, the lawyer's work and behavior.
    (3) Ethics and Discipline Committee decision on disciplinary sanction may be appealed in administrative court.

    Article 58. Limitation periods
    (1) Disciplinary proceedings may be brought, and brought the ranks, if the offense since the last one year. In this case it is not taken into account by the lawyer during temporary loss of working capacity, her whereabouts during the holidays and stay proceedings in disciplinary proceedings.
    (2) Disciplinary sanctions shall be applied at more than two months from the date the violation was found, without taking into account by the lawyer during temporary loss of work capacity and leave her whereabouts.

    Article 59. Cancellation of disciplinary sanction
    (1) If within one year from the date of application of the disciplinary sanction sanctioned lawyer does not commit a new offense, it is considered that it was not subject to disciplinary sanction.
    (2) Ethics and Discipline Committee is entitled to cancel the disciplinary sanction, up to the expiry of one year, on its own initiative, at the request of lawyers under the bar approach or association of lawyers.

Chapter X - ORGANIZATION AND REMUNERATION BUSINESS LAW. INSURANCE AND TAXATION

    Article 60. The organization of lawyers
    (1) legal aid lawyer client based legal assistance agreement concluded in writing.
    (2) Powers of attorney attested by mandate. Mandate form is a document of strict accounting. Content, form and use the mandate approved by the Government.
    (3) A lawyer entitled to leave, to social security benefits and state pension.
    (4) Establishing and paying social security benefits and state pensions lawyers is made by law.
    (5) Lawyers are entitled to establish, as required by law, funds for social needs (retirement, insurance, etc..).
    (6) The period includes the profession of lawyer in seniority.

    Article 61. Liability insurance
    (1) To ensure the material damage caused in the profession, the lawyer is entitled to conclude, under the law, civil liability insurance contract.
    (2) The minimum amount insured for one year of activity is determined by the Council of Lawyers.

    Article 62. Dress code
    The lawyer is obliged to come to the hearings in the dress code of ethics lawyer complies.
    [In effect until January 1, 2011]

    Article 62. Dress code
    (1) The lawyer is required to wear robes in court.
    (2) The coat is approved by the Council of Lawyers.
    (3) Wearing coat outside the court premises is prohibited, unless the lawyer is appointed to represent the profession bar bodies an occasion that requires this outfit.

    [Effective from January 1, 2011 at the latest]

    Article 63. Compensation business lawyer
    (1) Labor lawyer is paid on the account of fees received from individuals and businesses.
    (2) The size of the fee is established by agreement and can not be changed by public authorities or court.
    (3) The State shall provide legal aid lawyers' remuneration in accordance with the Law on State Guaranteed Legal Aid.
    (4) Costs incurred by customer in connection with providing legal aid lawyer to defend its legitimate rights and interests in criminal, civil and administrative matters to be compensated in full and proportionate requirements accepted (rejected) by the opposing party.
    (5) Expenses incurred in connection with the lawyer providing legal assistance in criminal investigation and criminal court cases, civil and administrative settlement of the case shall be charged while in the background, without the prior litigation proceedings.

    Article 64. Restrictions on advertising
    (1) Advocate is prohibited from using, directly or through another person, procedures incompatible with the dignity of the profession for customer acquisition.
    (2) Advocate is prohibited from using means of advertising or publicity by the processes specified in par. (1).
    (3) Lawyers Union shall define the cases and whether the lawyer may inform the public about his business.

    Article 65. Advocacy relations with the public
    (1) The state guarantees the opportunity to practice lawyers and contribute to creating favorable conditions for this purpose.
    (2) Ministry of Justice, within its competence:
    a) supports self-advocates and their bodies in the Legal Profession;
    b) contribute to recycling advocates;
    c) provide methodological assistance at the request of lawyers and lawyers' associations;
    d) issue licenses to practice law and maintain licenses;
    e) record and maintain office practices associated attorneys and lawyers;
    f) approve the documents provided by this law.
    (3) Local authorities:
    a) contributes to the lawyers office space suitable for the activity;
    b) if necessary, bureaus and associations of lawyers granted concessions, including paying rent space;
    c) ensure, in collaboration with self-administration bodies of lawyers, other measures to ensure free access to qualified legal assistance.

Chapter XI - RELATIONS WITH OTHER SIMILAR ORGANIZATIONS COUNTRIES AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

     Article 66. Relations with similar organizations in other countries and international organizations
     Council of Advocates and lawyers associations establish relationships with similar organizations in other countries and international organizations of lawyers and jurists.

Chapter XII - FINAL AND TRANSITIONAL

    Article 67
    (1) Upon entry into force of this Law, persons who were licensed attorneys in the Law No. 395-XIV of 13 May 1999 on the law. Members of the Association, and persons practicing lawyer in the license for legal assistance within three months from the date of publication of this law shall obtain a license to practice law without qualification exam, against payment in the amount of 360 lei, paid on behalf of the Ministry of Justice.
    (2) Issuance of licenses to persons specified in par. (1) shall be made by the Licensing Commission, established by the Ministry of Justice under Law No. 332-XIV of 26 March 1999 on licensing of some types of activity.
    (3) Offices of lawyers registered with the Union of Advocates, will re-register within three months from the date of publication of this Law, the Ministry of Justice. Offices of lawyers who will not re-register will lose their status.
    (4) Ministry of Justice within 10 days of publication of this law, will form the number of lawyers, led by a deputy minister of justice, a commission for the preparation and convening Congress lawyers. Commission concerned Congress will convene before the entry into force of this law.
    (5) The first meeting of Congress until the election of the President of the Council of the Association, will be chaired by the Chairperson specified in par. (4).
    (6) making contracts internship concluded before the entry into force of this law shall be made within one month from the Licensing Commission of the legal profession. Unregistered agreements will not be considered to support the trainees qualifying examination.
    (7) Government within three months:
    Submit proposals for bringing the legislation into conformity with this Law;
    bring its legislation in conformity with this law;
    adopt necessary regulations for implementation of this Law.
    (8) Determine that operation until legislation changes resulting from this law, in case of contradictions between the law and this law will apply this law.

    Article 68
    This law comes into force 3 months after publication, except 67 which enter into force on publication.

    Article 69
    The entry into force of this Law, the Law No. 395-XIV of 13 May 1999 on the law.
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